Jump to: navigation, search

Aquila

Aquila logo.png
For the Aquila motorcycle click here: Aquila motorcycle
800px-Aquila Italiana 25 30.jpg
Aquila
Foundation 1906
Defunct 1917
Fate ceased production, taken over by the SPA
Location 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Turin, Italy
Industry Automotive
Key people
Closed 1917
Products Automobiles
Parent


Aquila Italiana

The Aquila Italiana was an Italian automobile manufactured from 1906 to 1917. Designed by Giulio Cesare Cappa, the cars were big four- and six-cylinder models with ioe engines of an advanced type. There was an interruption in construction after 1908, but the company introduced new models in 1911; these featured 4192cc six-cylinder engines and proved to be successful in many races.

Among Aquila Italiana drivers were Meo Constantini (later to join Bugatti at Molsheim, where he became first a racing driver and later the Chef d'Equipe) and Carlo Masetti (count Giulio Masetti's elder brother).

Aquila (its full name was 'Società Anonima Aquila Italiana') was started by Giulio Parravicini and Cesare Cappa in 1906 at Turin. Cappa, a young engineer, was already studying overhead valves and aluminium pistons, and when their first car appeared at the Turin Motorshow in 1906 it included many advanced features. Despite receiving a good reception, the sudden death of Parravicini in 1907 (before they had built a single production car) threw the company into financial problems. These were only resolved when in 1909 when one of the banks which had put the company into receivership paid off all their debts and gave the company a new chance. The son of the owner of the bank, a certain Giovanni Marsaglia, was interested in cars, as well as being a racing driver, and became involved with the company.

In that year there began the production of three cars, two with four-cylinder engines and one with a six-cylinder unit. In 1912/13 another three cars entered the range. All of these cars, from the first to the last, was developed by Cappa, with an ever increasing number of technical innovations including overhead valves, tubular conrods, spherical-bearing mounted crankshaft, aluminium pistons and more. The cars proved very popular, and also obtained numerous successes in motorsport in the years 1910-1914, including the Targa Florio, the Parma-Poggio di Bercento, Mont Ventoux, the Giro di Francia and others.

The first world was, however, saw production shift to commercial vehicles for the military and aircraft engines. In 1916 Cappa left to go to Fiat, in 1917 the bankers son died testing a new aeroplane and in 1917 the company was absorbed by SPA. Total production was around 1,500 cars from 1909 to 1917.

Aquila Italiana type 35/30 HP in 1912, now houses the Museum of Turin












Production

The company Aquila Italiana produced a total of approximately 1,500 copies of its cars, all models combined.

Representations of body styles from a standard brochure in 1912


Type 15/20 HP 40/50 HP 25/30 HP K-12/15 HP H4-20/30 HP H6-35/50
Displacement 2797cc 7432cc 3921cc 1847cc 2614cc 3921cc
Cylinders 4 4 6 4 4 6
Bore mm 90 130 80 70 80 80
Stroke mm 110 140 130 120 130 130
rpm 1500 1200 3600 2000 1800 1800
Valves Side Side Mixed At the top At the top At the top
Ignition magneto magneto magneto magneto magneto magneto
Gears 4+ RM 4+ RM 4+ RM 4+ RM 4+ RM 4 + RM
Transmission cardan cardan cardan cardan cardan cardan
Wheelbase 2500mm 2900mm 3055mm 2600mm 2850mm 3050mm
Track 1250mm 1400mm 1445mm 1300mm 1440mm 1440mm
Production 1909-11 1909-11 1909-12 1913-17 1912-17 1913-17


Also See


External links


Car Information and Photos by Marque: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
Motorcycle Information and Photos by Marque: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
Car Information and Photos by Marque
AbarthACAMAdamiAerferA.G. AlfieriAGAguzzoliAla d'OroAlbaAlba EngineeringALCAAlfa RomeoAllemanoAlmaA.M.AmilcarAndrea Moda FormulaAnsaldoAntonietti & UgoninoAnzaniAquilaArditaArnoARSArtesiArzani-VolpiniASAASIMATLAtomoATSAureaAusoniaAuto Avio CostruzioniAutobianchiAutodeltaAutodromoAuto MirageAutosudAutotecnicaAutozodiacoBalboBandiniBarbiBardelliBarison & Co.BarossoBartolettiBBCBeccariaBelco AviaBellasiBender & MartinyBenetton FormulaB EngineeringBernardiBertoneBianchiBianchiniBizzarriniBlanc & TrezzaBNBoanoBonaciniBoneschiBordinoBorsaniBrancaBremachBrevettiBrianzaBrixia-ZustBrunaBugattiBWACantaCARCarceranoCarrozza Di BordinoCasaliniCasaroCastagnaCeirano GB & CCemsaCentro SudCesare SalaChiribiriCIPCisitaliaCizetaCMNCoggiolaColliColli RacingColomboComettoConrero ContaCoratCoriascoCoviniDagradaDainoDainottiDallaraDarracqDe LucaDe SanctisDe TomasoDe VecchiDiattoDiavolinoDobelliDoraDRBDR Motor CompanyDrogo Carrozzeria Sports CarsDual & TurconiEffediEIAEllenaEmanuelEmpoliniEnnezetaErminiEsperiaEuroBrunEurostyleEVELFaccioliFadinFaralli & MazzantiFarinaFARTFASFASTFATAFermiFeroldiFerrariFerroFervesFialFIAMFiatFidesFigariFiginiFimerFioravantiFIRSTFissoreFITFLAGFLIRTFlorentiaFODFONAFondmetalFogliettiFongriFornasariForti FRAMFranceschiniFrancoFruaFusi-FeroGalileoGalliaGarage ItaliaGaraviniGeddesGhiaGianniniGiaurGilcoGilibertiGiottilineGlisentiGnesuttaGrecavGreppiGrignaniHermesI.DE.A InstituteIENAIMPInnocentiInovoIntermeccanicaInvictaIsettaISOIsotta-FraschiniIssiItalaItaliaItalcarItaldesign GiugiaroItalmeccanicaIvecoLaforzaLa LupettaLAMLamborghiniLanciaLanzaLavaggiLawilLegnanoLentzLeoneLifeLMXLocati & ViarengoLombardiLucchiniLucertolaLuigiLuxMacchiMaggioraMajocchiMandariniMantovaniMarazziMarca-Tre-SpadeMarchandMarcianoMarengoMarinoMaseratiMazzieriMeldiMenariniMenonMentaschiMerzarioMiari GiustiMichelottiMicroboMicro-VettMilanoMinardiMinimaMinutoliMirabilisModenaMonaco-TrossiMonterosaMontescaniMontuMonvisoMorelliMorettiMoscerinoMotorautoMotta & BaudoMottoNemboNardiNazzaroOdettiOMOMTOpesOrlandiORSAOscaOsellaOSFAOSIO.T.A.S.OtavPadusPaganelliPaganiPanther DieselPecoriPennacchioPerfettiPeugeot-CroizatPicchioPietroboniPininfarinaPrincePrinetti & StucchiProject 1221PumaQuagliottiQvaleRaccaRapidRaytonRestelliRevelliRicordi e MolinariROMARomanazziRomboRomeoRubinoSabaScacchiSALSalvaSAMSAMCASame Deutz-FahrSan GiorgioSan GiustoSavioScagliettiScallSCATScioneriScireaSclavoSerenissimaSerpolletSessanoSiataSIALSIAMSighinolfiSILASilencieuseSilvaniSimsSirioS.I.V.A.SivaSiveSMBSPASpadaSTAEStangaStanguelliniSTARStiglerStolaStoreroStraleStucchiSVATalleroTanesiniTaraschiTassoTauTaurinaTec-MecTecnoTemperinoTerra ModenaTitaniaTodeschiniTonelloToro RossoTouringTriumph-ItaliaTrossi-CattaneoTurchettiTurinelli & PezzaUraniaVaghiVALTVaresinaVeltroVibertiVignaleViottiVittoriaVolpeVolpiniVolugrafoWolseleyZagatoZambonZenaZOZust
Motorcycle Information and Photos by Marque
AbignenteAbraAccossatoAccumolliACSAADAdriaticaAerdieselAermacchiAermotoAero-CaproniAeromereAetosAgratiAIMAla d'OroAlatoAldbertAlfaAliprandiAlpinoAltea AmbrosiniAmerioAMRAncillohlAncillottiAncoraAnzaniAPEApriliaAquilaArdeaArditoArizAspesAssoAstoriaAstraAtalaAttoliniAugustaAzzaritiB&PBalsamoBarbieroBardoneBarettaBaroniBartaliBasigliBaudoBBBeccariaBenelliBenottoBernardiBernegBertoliBertoniBeta MotorBetocchiBianchiBicizetaBimmBimotaBMBMABMGBMPBonzi & MarchiBordoneBorghiBorgoBorileBoselliBredaBRMBruzzesiBSUBucherBulleriBusiCABCabrera CagivaCalcaterraCapelloCappaCapponiCapriCaprioloCaproni-VizzolaCarcanoCardaCardaniCargnelutiCarnielliCarnitiCasaliniCasoliCavicchioliCBRCeccatoCFChiordaCimaCimattiCMCMKCMPCNAColellaColomboCOMCometContiCortesiCozzoCrevinbarCR&SCRTDardoDall'OglioDCDC ScoiattoloDE-CADEIDella FerreraDemmDe TogniDevilDianaDi BlasiDoglioli & CivardiDominissimiDottaDucatiElectElmeca-GileraELSAEOLOEmpoliniErcoli-CavalloneESTFabrizioFaggiFainiFalcoF.A.M.Fantic MotorFBMF.B.-MondialFerrariFerrarisFertFIAMFIAMCFiginiFinziFiorelliF.I.T.F.M.FMTFocesiFochjFongriForoniFranchiFreccia AzzurraFrejusFreraFrigerio PuchFrisoniFuchsFusiFulgorF.V.L.G.A.GabbianoGabottiGaiaGalatorGalbaiGalbuseraGallinaGallmotorGalloniGannaGarabelloGaranziniGaravagliaGarelliGarlaschelliGattiGazziGDGemsGerbiGerosaGhezzi & BrianGhiaroniGiacomassoGiancaGianoglioGileraGirardengoGitanGiuliettaGKDGloriaG.N.GPGoriG.R.GrasettiGrimGRGGSGuaraldiGuazzoniGuiaGuizzardiGuizzoHRDHRMIbisIdraIdroflexIGMIMEXIMNIMVIntramotorInvictaIrisISOIdroflexItalaItalemmezetaItaljapItaljetItalkartItalmotoItaltelaiItomJangaJenisJonghiJuniorKosmosKram-ItL'AlbaLombardiniLambrettaLampoLanciaLandiLardoriLaurentiLaverdaLecceLegnanoLEMLeonardo FreraLeoneLeprottoLintoLinxLombardiniLonghiLowLygierMAB-AlborMacchiMaglianoMagniMainoMafaldaMaffeisMajorMalagutiMalancaMantovaniMaranello MotoMarchandMarchi e FabbriMarchitelli‎‎Marini‎‎MartinaMarzocchiMASMaseratiMasoniMassariniMAVMaximaMazzettiMazzilliMazzuchelliMBAMBMMDSMeccanicaMedusaMeldiMeminiMenaniMengoliMenonMerliMerlonghiMeteoraMFBMGFMGMMicroassoMilaniMiller BalsamoMinarelliMinervaMinimotorMiniTreMinettiMinimotorMi-ValMMMolaroniMolteniMondialMonterosaMonvisoMorbidelliMorettiMoriniMosquitoMotautoMotobiMotobimmMotodeltaMotoflashMoto GuzziMotomMoto MagniMotomecMoto MoriniMotopianaMototecnicaMoto VMotronMPMP (Milan)MRMTMullerMusaMV AgustaMVBMZVNagase & RayNassettiNazzaroNCRNecchiNegriniNelloNencioniNettuniaOasaOCMAOemmeciOliverioOllearoOlmoOMBOMB BenesiOMCOMEOmeaOmerOMNOMTOPRAORAMOraniOrioneOrixOscarOttinoOttolenghiPagliantiPalmieri & GulinelliPandaPatriacaParillaParvusPassoniPatonPatriarcaPegasoPeruginaPeripoliPGPiaggioPianaPiazzaPicotPiolaPiovaticciPirottaPirottinoPLPOPolenghiPoletPosdamPrinaPremoliPrinetti & StucchiQuagliottiRCMRaimondiRanzaniRapidRECRemondiniRigatRinghiniRivaraRizzatoRocketRondineRomanoRomeoRond SachsRosselliRossi 1Rossi 2RotaRovettaRoyalRubinelliRumiRuspaSacieSalveSAMPSanciomeSan CristoforoSantamariaSanveneroSARScalambraScarabScarabeoSeilingSeniorSertumSessaShiftySiamSIAMTSIATSiataSignorelliSillaroSIMSimoncelliSimonettaSimoniniSimplexSpavieroStellaSterziStilmaStucchiSumcoSuperbaSVMSVWSWMTansini TappellaTarboTauraTaurusTecnomotoTelaimotorTomaselliTommasiTerra ModenaTestiTGMTGRThunderTigliTMTorpadoToscaneTrain-ItaliaTrans AMATrespidiUFOUltraUnimotoVagaVaghiValentiVamamVard MicroVaschettoVassenaVecchiettiVeloxVergaVerosVertematiVespaVGVibertiVikingVillaVisVittoraVi ViVORVUNVVVVVV GarlaschelliVyrusWilierWilsonWolsitWRMZannettiZanoniZanzaniZenitZepaZetaZoppoli