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UP SD45 and DD35.jpg

A V20 is an internal combustion engine in V configuration, having 20 cylinders.

Engines of this number of cylinders are not common, but this configuration was used in some large diesel engines. For example, the 1960s vintage General Motors Electro-Motive Division EMD SD45 railroad locomotive was fitted with a 20-cylinder EMD 645E3 engine.

The engine name is based on the displacement of each cylinder in cubic inches. In this case 645 inch³ (10.6 L) for each of 20 cylinders - a total of 211 L. Power output is 3,600 horsepower (2.7 MW).

V20 diesel engines have also been used in marine applications: Mercedes-Benz has produced one such engine.

Piston engine configurations
Straight Single, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14
V 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24
Flat 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, H
W 8, 9, 12, 16, 18
Other inline H, VR, Opposed, U (Square), X
Other Hemi, Radial, Rotary, Pistonless, Deltic, (Wankel)

Heat engines
Stroke cycles
Engine types
Gas turbinePistonJetRocket engineSteam engineStirling engineTschudiTwingle
Cylinder head portingD slideFour-strokeManifoldMultiPistonPoppetSleeve
Piston layouts
Single cylinderStraightOpposedFlatVWHDelticRadialRocket engine nozzleRotaryStelzerControlled CombustionBourke
Motion mechanisms
CamConnecting rodCoomber rotaryCrankCrank substituteCrankshaftLinkages (EvansPeaucellier-LipkinSector straight-lineWatt) • Double acting/differential cylinder
Thermodynamic cycle