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Wärtsilä-Sulzer RTA96-C.jpg

A Straight-12 engine is a Straight engine with twelve cylinders. A straight-12 is a very long engine, and therefore straight-12 engines are not common in automobiles, but it has been used for large military trucks. Also some Russian firms built straight-12s for use in boats in the 1960s and 1970s.

The Wärtsilä-Sulzer RTA96-C, the largest reciprocating engine in the world as of 2006, is a straight-12. It is used on container ships.

Piston engine configurations
Straight Single, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14
V 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24
Flat 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, H
W 8, 9, 12, 16, 18
Other inline H, VR, Opposed, U (Square), X
Other Hemi, Radial, Rotary, Pistonless, Deltic, (Wankel)

Heat engines
Stroke cycles
Engine types
Gas turbinePistonJetRocket engineSteam engineStirling engineTschudiTwingle
Cylinder head portingD slideFour-strokeManifoldMultiPistonPoppetSleeve
Piston layouts
Single cylinderStraightOpposedFlatVWHDelticRadialRocket engine nozzleRotaryStelzerControlled CombustionBourke
Motion mechanisms
CamConnecting rodCoomber rotaryCrankCrank substituteCrankshaftLinkages (EvansPeaucellier-LipkinSector straight-lineWatt) • Double acting/differential cylinder
Thermodynamic cycle