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Fiat 508

Fiat 508 Balilla 1933.jpg
Fiat 508 Balilla
Manufacturer Fiat
Production Years 1932-1937
Production Italy 170,176
Simca 6CV-Fiat: 26,472
Polski-Fiat 508: n/a
Previous model Fiat 509
Template Fiat 1100
Class Average Range
Engines Gasoline 4-Cylinder 995/1089 cm3
Transmission Propulsion
Superstructures limousine - Limousine - Cabriolet
Length 3145
Width 1400
Height 1530
Weight 685-710


The 'Fiat 508 Balilla' is an automobile famous, built by the manufacturer Italy n Fiat in the 1930s that contributed greatly to the motorization of the middle classes the country. Fiat Balilla represented in the eyes of the Italians of that time, an "object of desire." Its success is attributable to a very courageous decision of the Italian manufacturer to launch this car in a little pomp and especially the quality of the work of his designers, who made a car with average grade of benefits and the cost of use was very low.


History

The project is the work of various famous figures of those years as engineers: Nebbia, buttocks, Giacosa and Zerbi which created a class of car but with reasonable costs. The new model will be presented at the fair Milan April 12 1932 during Motor Show.


The Fiat 508 Balilla in its 1st version, was characterized by a three speed gearbox.


It was equipped with a motor mounted at the front line four-cylinder Fiat 995 cm3 developing 20 hp at 3500 rpm, equipped with drum brakes on all 4 wheels, it exceeded 80 km/h maximum speed.


This first version was replaced two years later by the Fiat 508 Balilla second set, featuring a four-speed box and a new aerodynamic body with 2 or 4 doors.


Production between 1932 and 1937 reached 170,176 copies, a feat at that time.

Fiat 508 Balilla 2nd series
Balilla Fiat 508 Coupe

The origin of the nickname Balilla

Many believe that this nickname was given because of fascism in Italy. This is not true. Indeed, there are few people who have written about this strange nickname. The term "Balilla" does not originate during the fascist era, but rather was used during this period. In reality Balilla "was the nickname of Giovanni Battista Perasso who, in 1746 in Genoa threw a stone against an Austrian officer for rebelling against the Austrian invasion of the region.

The Fiat 508 was not the first product to bear this nickname. Previously on the plane has a Fiat A1, an agricultural tractor Motomeccanica and a series of submarines of the navy of the King of Italy.

Fiat NSU Balilla 1000


Sale Price

Due to its mass production, the price of the car was very competitive, only £ 10,800 against the ire ires £ 18,500 at the time, for the Fiat 509 it was replacing. The number of copies produced daily by Fiat in Turin in the new factory Lingotto, not counting the production abroad was higher than the production models of competitors per week.


Both sets and versions

The Balilla was produced from 1932 to 1937 in two series:

  • The first had a traditional body, in line with the Fiat 509 it was replacing. She had a gearbox with 3 reports, which was his distinctive appellation with the second series.
  • The second set had a more aerodynamic body and a gear box 4 speed.

Both series have a wide range which included versions: sedan, spider, Tornado, military colonial sport spider berlinetta and Mille Miglia. Many bodybuilders, as was the great fashion of the time, habillèrent bare chassis produced by the plant for them. Are the main Garavini, Savio, Balbo, Bertone Casaro and Ghia.


The Fiat 508 Balilla abroad

Given the very strong demand, the Fiat 508 Balilla was also manufactured under license abroad:

  • In Poland as Polski Fiat 508 in 3 sets. The manufacture was halted in 1939 by the Nazi invasion. No information on the exact number of cars but it seems to be in the order of several thousands in the Centralne Warsztaty Samochodowe factory in Poland.
    Polski Fiat 508 III Junak built in Poland
  • In Germany under the names of Fiat NSU 1000 between 1934 and 1938 to about 6000 copies and NSU-FIAT 1100 between 1938 and 1941 to about 5000 copies,
  • In France Safafa licensed by Fiat under the label Simca Fiat 6CV FIII-power tax 6 hp. Archives confirm overall production between September 18 1932 and 1937 of 26,472 copies.


It will be replaced by the Fiat 1100 submitted in 1939 with the code project Fiat 508C.

1934 Fiat Ballila Coupe
1934 Fiat Ballila Torpedo Spider


Technical

  • Engine Fiat 108 4-cylinder in-line 995 cm3
  • Compression ratio: 5.8 / 1
  • Power: 20 hp at 3400 rpm
  • Distribution: valve s side
  • Food: A carburetor mono-body
  • transmission: propulsion, box 3 speed (1 ((re)) version), 4 speed (2 ((e)) version)
  • Body: Steel, 2 doors, 4 seats
  • Suspension s: ant. and post. wheel rigid, semi-elliptic blades
  • Brake s: on hydraulic 4-wheel
  • tire s: 4.00 x 17
  • Tank: 26 l
  • Maximum speed: 80 km / h


Overall production

  • In Italy:
    • 1st series 3 speed: 41,395 copies
    • 2nd series 4 speed: 71,700 copies
    • 508C 1100: 57,000 copies
    • 1100 to 1939: 74,000 copies
    • 1100: 401 copies
    • 1100 B / BL: 25,000 copies

1100 ** E / EL / ELS: 58,000 copies.

  • Abroad:
    • France Simca Fiat 6 HP: 26,472 copies
    • Poland Polski Fiat 508 I / II / III: unknown exact production, between 6 and 10,000 copies,
    • Germany NSU-Fiat, about 11,000, exact figure unknown.
    • Fiat Hispania in Spain: number unknown.



Fiat 508 C


Fiat 508 S

External Links



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Type 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s
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City car 3,5 HP 500 A / 500 B (Topolino) ...
Small family car 6 HP
8 HP
10 HP
509 / 509 S 508 (Ballila) Ballila 1100 A / B ...
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