|Fiat Croma I|
2005 - present
|Class||Large family car|
|Platform||Type Four chassis|
|Body style||5-door liftback|
|Wheelbase||2660 mm (104.7 in.)|
|Length||4495 mm (176.9 in.)|
|Width||1755 mm (69.0 in.)|
|Height||1425 mm (56.1 in.)|
Alfa Romeo 164
First generation (1985-1996)
The original Croma was a five-door notchback liftback penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro and built on the "Type Four" chassis, which was designed in cooperation between several companies and was also used for the Saab 9000, Lancia Thema and Alfa Romeo 164. Although the other models were executive cars, the Croma was marketed in the large family car segment, replacing the Fiat Argenta.
Production ceased in 1996, and Fiat abandoned the large family car segment. The Bravo/Brava-based Fiat Marea small family car replaced the Croma and Tempra as the largest saloon and estate in Fiat's model range.
The Fiat Croma was the first passenger car in the world to have a direct injection Diesel (Turbo D i.d.) engine in (1986).
The Croma was available with a variety of petrol and diesel engines, the former from the Fiat DOHC engine family. Base models had the 1585 cc, 83 PS (61 kW) and 1995 cc, 90 PS (66 kW) "Controlled High Turbulence" powerplants, followed by two fuel injected 2.0 L units, one with 120 PS (88 kW) and the other a turbocharged and intercooled version giving 153 PS (113 kW). Diesel engines were the Fiat's 1.9 L fitted with a turbocharger with direct injection, giving 92 PS (68 kW), and the 2499 cc unit supplied by Iveco, with a normally aspirated version giving 75 PS (55 kW) and a turbocharged one with 115 PS (85 kW). This one replaced the previous 2446 cc with 100 PS (74 kW). The 2.5 L petrol V6 unit was from Alfa Romeo.
Second generation (2005-present)
|Fiat Croma (2005)|
|Assembly||Cassino – Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), Italy|
|Class||Large family car / Large MPV|
|Platform||GM Epsilon platform|
|Transmission||5 and 6-speed manual|
|Body style||5-door estate / MPV|
|Length||4755 mm |
4783 mm (facelift)
Citroën Grand C4 Picasso
In 2005, Fiat announced a large cross-over wagon with an upright tailgate, reminiscent of that of the Fiat Stilo, resurrecting the Croma nameplate. Again, Giugiaro styled the exterior, while the chassis was provided via the short-lived link with General Motors. The new Croma is therefore based on the extended variant of the GM Epsilon platform sharing components with the Opel Vectra and Saab 9-3. It went on sale in Italy in June 2005.
Unlike the previous model, and aware of its lack of image in the upper market segments, Fiat opted for not developing a standard large family car but developing a "Comfort Wagon", an automobile with design elements of both estates and large MPVs. Its height of 1600 mm falls between the Mitsubishi Grandis and Ford S-MAX large MPVs (1655 mm and 1660 mm respectively) and Toyota Avensis Wagon (1525 mm).
In February 2007, Fiat UK announced that the Croma would no longer be generally available in the UK, after less than 900 were sold in the whole of 2005. The car will still be offered by special order only, with right-hand drive models manufactured to customer specifications.
The Croma is manufactured with seven airbags as standard including knee bag for the driver. As standard the Croma is equipped with anti-lock braking system and electronic brakeforce distribution. It has a five-star EuroNCAP crash rating for adult occupant protection:
The Croma got a minor facelift at the end of 2007. A new grille (Bravo look) and rear bumper, as well as some material changes inside are the main differences. Fiat now designates the revised model as "Station Wagon" instead of the previously used term "Comfort Wagon".
The Croma, built at Fiat's Cassino factory, has three trim levels and five engine options. Like the chassis, petrol engines were supplied by Opel, beginning with the brand new evolution of the Ecotec 1.8 L with 140 PS (103 kW), followed by the torquier 2.2 L with 147 PS (108 kW). However, the bulk of the sales is represented by Fiat's own Multijet engine, available in three variants 1.9 L with 8 valves and 120 PS (88 kW), 1.9 L with 16 valves and 150 PS (110 kW), and the range topper five-cylinder 2.4 L, with 200 PS (147 kW). The Diesel engines are fitted with a standard six-speed manual gearbox, 6-speed automatic is also available.
|1,8 MPI 16V||I4 DOHC 16V||1796 cc||140 PS @6300 rpm||175 Nm @3800 rpm|
|2,2 MPI 16V||I4 DOHC 16V||2198 cc||147 PS @5800 rpm||203 Nm @4000 rpm|
|1,9 MultiJet 8V||I4 DOHC 8V||1910 cc||PS @4000 rpm||280 Nm @2000 rpm|
|1,9 MultiJet 16V||I4 DOHC 16V||1910 cc||PS @4000 rpm||320 Nm @2000 rpm|
|2,4 MultiJet 20V||I5 DOHC 20V||2387 cc||200 PS @4000 rpm||400 Nm @2000 rpm|
|<- Older Models||Fiat car timeline, European market, 1980s - present|
|City cars||126||Cinquecento||Seicento (1998-2005) / 600 (2005-2010)|
|Panda I||Panda II|
|Supermini||127||Uno||Punto I||Punto II|
|Grande Punto||Punto Evo|
|Ritmo||Tipo||Bravo / Brava||Stilo||Bravo II|
|Large family car||132||Argenta||Croma I||Croma II|
|Panel van/Leisure activity vehicle||Fiorino I||Fiorino II||Fiorino III|
|Large MPV||Ulysse I||Ulysse II|
|Van||Daily*||Scudo I||Scudo II|
|Ducato I||Ducato II||Ducato III|
|*Rebadged Iveco model|