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Fiat Croma

Front view of a first generation Croma
Fiat Croma I
Production 1985-1996
2005 - present
Manufacturer Fiat
Predecessor Fiat Argenta
Successor
Layout FF layout
Class Large family car
Platform Type Four chassis
Body style 5-door liftback
Engine
Wheelbase 2660 mm (104.7 in.)
Length 4495 mm (176.9 in.)
Width 1755 mm (69.0 in.)
Height 1425 mm (56.1 in.)
Weight 1095 kg
Related Saab 9000
Lancia Thema
Alfa Romeo 164
Similar
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro


The Fiat Croma is a nameplate used for two automobiles produced by Italian automaker Fiat, one built from 1985 to 1996 and the other since 2005.


First generation (1985-1996)

The original Croma was a five-door notchback liftback penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro and built on the "Type Four" chassis, which was designed in cooperation between several companies and was also used for the Saab 9000, Lancia Thema and Alfa Romeo 164. Although the other models were executive cars, the Croma was marketed in the large family car segment, replacing the Fiat Argenta.

Production ceased in 1996, and Fiat abandoned the large family car segment. The Bravo/Brava-based Fiat Marea small family car replaced the Croma and Tempra as the largest saloon and estate in Fiat's model range.

The "Type Four" Fiat Croma
Fiat Croma (after 1991 facelift)


Engines

The Fiat Croma was the first passenger car in the world to have a direct injection Diesel (Turbo D i.d.) engine in (1986).

The Croma was available with a variety of petrol and diesel engines, the former from the Fiat DOHC engine family. Base models had the 1585 cc, 83 PS (61 kW) and 1995 cc, 90 PS (66 kW) "Controlled High Turbulence" powerplants, followed by two fuel injected 2.0 L units, one with 120 PS (88 kW) and the other a turbocharged and intercooled version giving 153 PS (113 kW). Diesel engines were the Fiat's 1.9 L fitted with a turbocharger with direct injection, giving 92 PS (68 kW), and the 2499 cc unit supplied by Iveco, with a normally aspirated version giving 75 PS (55 kW) and a turbocharged one with 115 PS (85 kW). This one replaced the previous 2446 cc with 100 PS (74 kW). The 2.5 L petrol V6 unit was from Alfa Romeo.

Petrol

Model Engine Displacement Power
1600 I4 DOHC 8V 1585 cc 83 PS
2000 CHT I4 DOHC 8V 1995 cc 90 PS
2000 CHT I4 DOHC 8V 1995 cc 101 PS
2000 i.e. I4 DOHC 8V 1995 cc 113 PS
2000 i.e. I4 DOHC 8V 1995 cc 116 PS
2000 i.e. I4 DOHC 8V 1995 cc 120 PS
2000 i.e. 16V I4 DOHC 16V 1995 cc 137 PS
2000 i.e. Turbo I4 DOHC 8V 1995 cc 150 PS
2500 V6 DOHC 12V 2492 cc 160 PS

Diesel

Model Engine Displacement Power
1900 Turbo D i.d. I4 SOHC 8V 1929 cc 92 PS
2500 D I4 SOHC 8V 2499 cc 75 PS
2500 TD I4 SOHC 8V 2499 cc 101 PS
2500 TD I4 SOHC 8V 2499 cc 116 PS
2500 TDE I4 SOHC 8V 2499 cc 105 PS

Second generation (2005-present)

Fiat Croma.jpg
Fiat Croma (2005)
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 2005-present
Assembly Cassino – Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), Italy
Class Large family car / Large MPV
Layout FF layout
Platform GM Epsilon platform
Transmission 5 and 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Body style 5-door estate / MPV
Engine
Wheelbase 2700 mm
Length 4755 mm
4783 mm (facelift)
Width 1775 mm
Height 1600 mm
Related Cadillac BLS
Chevrolet Malibu
Pontiac G6
Opel Signum
Opel Vectra
Saab 9-3
Saturn Aura
Similar Ford S-MAX
Citroën Grand C4 Picasso
Dodge Journey
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro


In 2005, Fiat announced a large cross-over wagon with an upright tailgate, reminiscent of that of the Fiat Stilo, resurrecting the Croma nameplate. Again, Giugiaro styled the exterior, while the chassis was provided via the short-lived link with General Motors. The new Croma is therefore based on the extended variant of the GM Epsilon platform sharing components with the Opel Vectra and Saab 9-3. It went on sale in Italy in June 2005.

Unlike the previous model, and aware of its lack of image in the upper market segments, Fiat opted for not developing a standard large family car but developing a "Comfort Wagon", an automobile with design elements of both estates and large MPVs. Its height of 1600 mm falls between the Mitsubishi Grandis and Ford S-MAX large MPVs (1655 mm and 1660 mm respectively) and Toyota Avensis Wagon (1525 mm).

In February 2007, Fiat UK announced that the Croma would no longer be generally available in the UK, after less than 900 were sold in the whole of 2005. The car will still be offered by special order only, with right-hand drive models manufactured to customer specifications.

Fiat Croma 2nd generation (2005)
Facelifted Croma (2007)


Safety

The Croma is manufactured with seven airbags as standard including knee bag for the driver. As standard the Croma is equipped with anti-lock braking system and electronic brakeforce distribution. It has a five-star EuroNCAP crash rating for adult occupant protection:


2007 facelift

The Croma got a minor facelift at the end of 2007. A new grille (Bravo look) and rear bumper, as well as some material changes inside are the main differences. Fiat now designates the revised model as "Station Wagon" instead of the previously used term "Comfort Wagon".


Engines

The Croma, built at Fiat's Cassino factory, has three trim levels and five engine options. Like the chassis, petrol engines were supplied by Opel, beginning with the brand new evolution of the Ecotec 1.8 L with 140 PS (103 kW), followed by the torquier 2.2 L with 147 PS (108 kW). However, the bulk of the sales is represented by Fiat's own Multijet engine, available in three variants 1.9 L with 8 valves and 120 PS (88 kW), 1.9 L with 16 valves and 150 PS (110 kW), and the range topper five-cylinder 2.4 L, with 200 PS (147 kW). The Diesel engines are fitted with a standard six-speed manual gearbox, 6-speed automatic is also available.

Petrol

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque
1,8 MPI 16V I4 DOHC 16V 1796 cc 140 PS @6300 rpm 175 Nm @3800 rpm
2,2 MPI 16V I4 DOHC 16V 2198 cc 147 PS @5800 rpm 203 Nm @4000 rpm

Diesel

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque
1,9 MultiJet 8V I4 DOHC 8V 1910 cc PS @4000 rpm 280 Nm @2000 rpm
1,9 MultiJet 16V I4 DOHC 16V 1910 cc PS @4000 rpm 320 Nm @2000 rpm
2,4 MultiJet 20V I5 DOHC 20V 2387 cc 200 PS @4000 rpm 400 Nm @2000 rpm


External links


Fiat Croma.jpg


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