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Alfa Romeo Sprint

AlfaRomeo Sprint.jpeg
Alfa Romeo Sprint
Manufacturer: Alfa Romeo
Production: 1976-1989
Body Styles: FF 3-door coupé
Derived from: Alfa Romeo Alfasud
Engine 1.2 L Flat-4
1.3 L Flat-4
1.5 L Flat-4
1.7 L Flat-4
Transmission 5-speed manual gearbox
Wheelbase 2455 mm
Length 4024 mm
Width 1620 mm
Height 1297 mm
Weight 915 kg (2017 lb)
Fuel_capacity 50 L (11 Imp. gallons)
(13.2 U.S. gal)
Related Alfa Romeo Alfasud
Alfa Romeo 33
Similar
Successors Alfa Romeo Arna, Alfa Romeo 33
Designer Italdesign (1975)


The Alfa Romeo Sprint is a coupé version of the Alfa Romeo Alfasud, produced from 1976 to 1989 by Alfa Romeo. 116,552 examples of the Alfasud Sprint and Alfa Romeo Sprint were built in total. The Sprint was sold in Europe, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.


History

Alfasud Sprint (1976-1983)
Alfa Romeo Sprint (1983-1989)

Until 1983, the car's name was Alfasud Sprint and after that Alfa Romeo Sprint. It was available with a 1350 cc, 1500cc, and a 1700 cc flat-4 engine, most of which (except the very late 1.7 models) were equipped with double carburetors. The later 1.7 engines were equipped with the same fuel injection system as the Alfa Romeo 33. There were a few prototypes of 2.5 V6 rear mounted engine rear wheel drive Sprints built but this vehicle never made full serial production.

In 1983, the car received a facelift, to coincide with the release of the Alfa Romeo 33. This involved a multitude of changes, notably a change from chrome to plastic bumpers, new headlamps, new hood and grille, different materials and some changes to elements in the cabin. The Sprint also got a platform upgrade, which was now on the same as that of the Alfa Romeo 33 (1st generation). This means that the Alfa 33 (1st generation) and Sprint 83-89 share practically the same mechanics. This is helpful when finding parts for old Sprints, since 10 times more Alfa 33s were produced.

Initially the Sprint had disc brakes all around, the front ones being the inboard brake type. At the front there is independent MacPherson strut suspension and at the rear a rigid axle with trailing beams and a Panhard rod. From 1984 all Sprints got the Alfa Romeo 33 floorpan and modified front suspension and front brakes (no more inboard type). The rear end now had drum brakes. The Alfa Romeo Sprint was one of the best handling small coupes of its time. Although of average quality, they were fun to drive and very predictable. With the engine mounted over the front wheels and a very low center of gravity due to the flat (boxer) engine, it has a unique way of driving in curves.

The Alfa Romeo Sprint has been criticized about rust and poor build quality.Template:By whom They were built in a then new car plant in southern Italy hence the original 'Sud' moniker which means south.

There were a total of 116,552 Sprints produced during its lifespan. 15 of these formed the basis of the Australian-built Giocattolo sports car, which used a mid-mounted Holden 5.0 group A V8 engine.


Design

The 4.02 m long coupe has a very low profile and is representative of late 70s and 80s Italian car design. A year earlier than the Sprint but from the same drawing board, although with slightly different proportions, another classic 70s design was created - the Volkswagen Golf.

Until 1983 the Alfasud Sprint had chrome bumpers, restyling in 1983 brought plastic and lower bumpers, a different grille, and some other upgrades like 14 in Italspeed wheels with 8 circles and nonstandard Michelin 340 mm tyres. Depending on equipment, some Sprints had plastic side bumpers and rear spoiler (mainly Quadrifoglio Verde). The most common was the Zender pack add-in, with lower bumpers and sideskirts, sold mostly in the UK and a few other countries.


Interior

The Alfa Sprint is a 2+2, with two seats in front and two in the rear. The two front seats came in two versions, an ordinary version and sport version with elongated thigh bolsters. An uncommon feature is the ignition key, which is on left side of steering wheel (instead of more common right). On the middle console there are few switches for the front and rear fog lamps, rear window defroster and rear window wiper. Next to this is a clock, an analog one by Jaeger instruments until 1983, after which it was replaced with a digital one. Underneath are typical air conditioning control levers, one for hot, second for cold air intake, and third to distribute flow to upper or lower vents. The rear cargo area has capacity of 425 litres (15 cubic feet), largely due to the high profile at the rear, and it has a leather cover to conceal items from view.

Predecessors and successors

The Alfa Sprint was a coupe version of the Alfa Romeo Alfasud and it had no direct predecessor or successor. The Alfa Sprint was a small coupe, although some revival ideas came through in the last two decades, its nearest current relative is the Alfa Romeo GT (which is derived from the Alfa 147 and 156).

Racing

the Alfa Sprint used to be a very popular racing car in the late 70s until 1983. Sprint Trofeo was a well known European GT competition in those years. Still, Alfa Sprints are being used in significant numbers as racing cars, mostly in historic cups or hill climbing races, its popularity mainly due to its good handling capabilities.

Engines

  • 1.2 Boxer (1286 cc) (75 bhp)
  • 1.3 Boxer (1351 cc) (77 to 84 bhp depending on model)
  • 1.5 Boxer (1490 cc) (84 to 105 bhp depending on model)
  • 1.7 Boxer (1712 cc) (114 bhp, 105 bhp cat. version)
  • In a supercar called the Giacottolo built in caloundra in QLD, Australia the Alfa 2.5 V6 (2495 cc) (160 bhp, several prototypes built) was mid mounted in a few prototypes.
  • The later versions of these sprint based supercars had a Holden 5.0 Walkinshaw group a V8 as fitted to the VL Commodore group A cars along with a ZF transaxle, giving them a power to weight ratio on par with a Mclaren F1.


Preceded by:
No preceding model
Succeeded by:
Alfa Romeo Arna
Alfa Romeo 33


External links


<- Previous Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of the Fiat S.p.A. since 1986, car timeline, 1946-1979 Next ->
Type 1950s 1960s 1970s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Small family car Dauphine* Alfasud
Compact executive car Giulietta (750/101)
Giulia Giulietta (116)
1750 Alfetta
Executive car 1900 2000 2600 2000 Alfa 6
Cabriolet 1900 2000 2600
Coupé Giulietta Sprint
Giulia Alfetta GT/GTV and GTV6
1900 2000 2600
Roadster Spider
Gran Sport Quattroruote
Sports car 6C 2500 Montreal
33 Stradale
Off-road Matta
Racing car TZ/GTA
158/159 Tipo 33 177
*Dauphine was produced under Renault license
Alfa Romeo S.P.A.
1910-1920 24hp | 40-60hp | Castagna | Torpedo | RL | RM | P1 | P2 | 6c 1500 | 6c 1750darkorange
1920-1940 1750 Drophead | 8c 2300 | 6c | 6c 1900 | 6c 2300 | 8c 2900 | 12 cylinder | P3 | 1935 Twin-engine
1940-1950 158 | 6c 2500
1950-1960 1900 | AR 51 The Matta | Disco Volante | Giulietta | 1.3 | 2000
1960-1970 Giulia | Super 1600 | TI | Sprint Speciale | Alfa Romeo TZ | Alfa Romeo GTA | Alfa Romeo 2600 | Alfa Romeo Tipo 33/3 | Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale | Spider Veloce | 1750
1970-1980 Montreal (1970–1977) | Alfasud (1972–1983) | Alfetta (1972–1977) | Arna | Berlina | GTV | Guilia Nuova Super 1300
1980-1990 GTV | GTV6 | Sprint | 33 (1983–1994) | Alfa 6 (1979-1984)| 90 (1984–1986) | Alfa Romeo Milano (Euro 75) (1985–1992) | 164 (1987–1998)
1990-2000 SZ | GTV (1995–present) | Spider (1998–present) | 145 (1995–2001) | 146 (1995–2001) | 155 (1992–1998) | 156 - GTA (1997–present) | 166 (1998–present)
2000 onwards GT (2004–present) | 147 - GTA (2001–present) | 159 | 167 (2007?) | Brera (Preview-2005) | Spyder (2007?) | Kamal (Expected-2007)
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