Jump to: navigation, search

Alfa Romeo Alfasud

Alfa Romeo Alfasud
Alfa Romeo Alfasud
Manufacturer: Alfa Romeo
Production: 1971-1989
Predecessor: None
Successor: Alfa Romeo 33
Body Style: FF Hatchback, Estate and Saloon
Class: Small family car
Similar: Austin Allegro
Citroën GS
Fiat Strada
Renault 14
Engine: 1.2 L H4
1.3 L H4
1.4 L H4
1.5 L H4
1.7 L H4
Designer: Giorgetto Giugiaro


The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a compact car made by Alfa Romeo of Italy from 1971 to 1989. It was considered one of Alfa Romeo's most successful models. A common nickname for the car is ’Sud.

History

It was built at a new factory at Pomigliano d'Arco in southern Italy, hence the car's name, Alfa Sud (Alfa South) and developed by Austrian Rudolf Hruschka.

It was shown at the Turin Motor Show in 1971 and was immediately praised by journalists for its styling (by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign) and handling. It featured a 1,186 cc Flat-4 engine.

Despite its two-box shape, it did not initially have a hatchback. The first production Alfasuds were four-door sedans, with a sporty two-door TI (Turismo Internazionale, or Touring International) model following at the end of 1973.

In 1974, Alfa Romeo launched a more luxurious model the Alfasud SE. The SE was replaced by the 'L' (Lusso) model in 1975. The Lusso model was produced until 1976, by then it was replaced with the new '5M' model, the first four-door Alfasud with a 5 speed gearbox. A three-door station wagon model called the Giardinetta was introduced for the 1975 model year.


In 1976, the Alfasud Sprint was launched. On the same platform, it was a lower, more angular sports model. The Sprint did feature a hatchback, a more powerful 1,286 cc 75 hp (56 kW) engine and a five-speed gearbox. The engine was later fitted into the standard Alfasuds, creating the 1300 TI models, and the five-speed gearbox found its way into the basic Alfasud, creating the 5M (5 Marce) model.

A 1,490 cc engine was soon made available to all body shapes, originally developing 85 hp (63 kW). By the end of the Alfasud's life, there was a tuned version of the engine developing 105 hp (78 kW) in the Green Cloverleaf model.

Alfa Romeo Alfasud

Despite strong engineering, Alfasud's (especially the early ones) had a strong reputation for suffering from rust, possibly due to sub-standard steel traded with the Soviet Union and/or the storage conditions of the bodies at the plant. The car was also imfamous for overheating easily in tropical climates. This was further worsened by the need for air conditioning systems in these environments.

All Alfasuds were upgraded in 1980 with plastic bumpers and other revisions.

A hatchback was added to the original shape in 1981. The Giardinetta was deleted from most markets around this time.

The Alfasud sedans were replaced by the Alfa Romeo Arna and 33 models in 1983. The 33 was an evolution of the Alfasud's floorpan and running gear, including minor suspension changes and a change from four-wheel disc brakes to rear drum brakes in an effort to reduce costs. The Alfasud Sprint was renamed into Alfa Sprint, this model was continued until 1989 by sharing the 33's running gear.

1975 Alfa Romeo Alfasud Trofeo

Engines

  • 1971-1983 1.2 L (1186 cc) Alfa H4
  • 1977-1983 1.3 L (1286 cc) Alfa H4, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 1978-1983 1.4 L (1350 cc) Alfa H4
  • 1978-1983 1.5 L (1490 cc) Alfa H4, 85–105 hp (63–78 kW)
  • 1987-1989 1.7 L (1712 cc) Alfa H4, 118 hp


Famous Alfasud conversions

Gian Franco Mantovani Wainer produced a one-off Bimotore version, with two 1,186 cm³ engines and four-wheel drive for rallying. Wainer also produced a turbocharged Turbowainer model in 1983.

Tech Data

  • Driveline: longitudinal engine at front with front wheel drive
  • Suspension
    • front : MacPherson strut with telescopic dampers and coil springs plus anti-roll bar
    • rear : dead beam axle with telescopic dampers and coil springs, located by Watts linkages and a panhard rod
  • Wheelbase: 2455mm
      • track (front/rear) : Berlina : 1392mm/1359mm
      • track (front/rear) : Giardinetta : 1384mm/1351mm
      • track (front/rear) : Sprint : 1380mm/1350mm (after 1980 : 1392mm/1359mm)
  • Brakes: **front : discs, inboard mounted, 259mm diameter (late Sprints with ventilated discs outboard)
    • rear : discs, 234mm diameter (late Sprints with drums) handbrake operating the front callipers via cable (late Sprints on rear) dual hydraulic circuit with servo assistance
  • Gearbox: 4 and 5 speed manual hydraulic clutch (180mm diameter plate)
  • Steering: Rack and pinion 3.69 turns lock to lock
  • Dimensions: 3-door, 5-door and giardinetta.
  • Kerb weight: **1186cc (original 4 door)  : 862kg
    • 1186cc & 1286cc TI : 838kg (63% front, 37% rear)
    • 1286cc Sprint : 890kg
    • 1.5 Ti Veloce : 914kg
    • 1.5 Sprint Veloce : 925kg (61.2% front, 38.8% rear)


Performance

model max speed 0-60mph in gear acceleration standing ¼ mile standing km
original 1186cc 4 door 94 mph 15.1 sec 19.5 sec (50-70 in 4th) 20.3 sec 37.7 sec
1186cc TI 102 mph 12.9 sec 19.1 sec (50-70 in 5th) 19.1 sec 35.6 sec
1286cc Sprint 102 mph 13.1 sec 13.7 sec (50-70 in 5th) 19.2 sec 36.7 sec
1286cc TI 102 mph 12.1 sec 12.8 sec (50-70 in 5th) 18.5 sec 34.8 sec
1500 TI Veloce 108 mph 9.9 sec 10.3 sec (50-70 in 5th) 17.4 sec 32.7 sec
1500 Sprint Veloce 106 mph 10.9 sec 10.8 sec (50-70 in 5th) 17.6 sec 33.0 sec


Famous Alfasud conversions

Gian Franco Mantovani Wainer produced a one-off Bimotore version, with two 1,186 cm³ engines and four-wheel drive for rallying. Wainer also produced a turbocharger Turbowainer model in 1983.

Alfasud trofeo.jpg
Preceded by:
No preceding model
Succeeded by:
Alfa Romeo Arna
Alfa Romeo 33


Video

Alfa Romeo Alfasud - video collage


External link

Alfa Romeo S.P.A.
1910-1920 24hp | 40-60hp | Castagna | Torpedo | RL | RM | P1 | P2 | 6c 1500 | 6c 1750darkorange
1920-1940 1750 Drophead | 8c 2300 | 6c | 6c 1900 | 6c 2300 | 8c 2900 | 12 cylinder | P3 | 1935 Twin-engine
1940-1950 158 | 6c 2500
1950-1960 1900 | AR 51 The Matta | Disco Volante | Giulietta | 1.3 | 2000
1960-1970 Giulia | Super 1600 | TI | Sprint Speciale | Alfa Romeo TZ | Alfa Romeo GTA | Alfa Romeo 2600 | Alfa Romeo Tipo 33/3 | Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale | Spider Veloce | 1750
1970-1980 Montreal (1970–1977) | Alfasud (1972–1983) | Alfetta (1972–1977) | Arna | Berlina | GTV | Guilia Nuova Super 1300
1980-1990 GTV | GTV6 | Sprint | 33 (1983–1994) | Alfa 6 (1979-1984)| 90 (1984–1986) | Alfa Romeo Milano (Euro 75) (1985–1992) | 164 (1987–1998)
1990-2000 SZ | GTV (1995–present) | Spider (1998–present) | 145 (1995–2001) | 146 (1995–2001) | 155 (1992–1998) | 156 - GTA (1997–present) | 166 (1998–present)
2000 onwards GT (2004–present) | 147 - GTA (2001–present) | 159 | 167 (2007?) | Brera (Preview-2005) | Spyder (2007?) | Kamal (Expected-2007)
Concept Cars 33.2 · Carabo · Diva · Navajo · BAT series · Disco Volante · 2000 Sportiva · Kamal · Nuvola · Scighera · Visconti · Full List
Fiat Group brands Abarth | Alfa Romeo | Autobianchi | Ferrari | Fiat | Lancia | Innocenti | Maserati
Fiat Group Corporate Website | Fiat Auto Website
<- Previous Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of the Fiat S.p.A. since 1986, car timeline, 1980s-present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Supermini Junior
Small family car Alfasud 33 145/146 147 149
Arna
Compact executive car Alfetta 75 155 156 159
Nuova Giulietta
Executive car Alfa 6 90 164 166 169
Coupé Sprint GTV (916) GT
GTV Brera
Cabriolet Spider (916) Spider (939)
Sportscar SZ/RZ
Roadster Spider
Supercar 8C Competizione and Spider
Racing car 179/182/183T/184T/185T SE 048SP