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Ferrari F12berlinetta

Alfa Romeo 1900 DISCO VOLANTE SPIDER
Ferrari F12 Berlinetta
Manufacturer Ferrari
Production 2012–2017
Assembly Maranello, Italy
Designer Ferrari Styling Centre under Flavio Manzoni, in collaboration with Pininfarina
Class Grand tourer (S)
Body Style 2-door berlinetta
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Engine 6.3 L F140 FC V12
Transmission 7-speed F1 DCT dual-clutch
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Weight 1,525 kilograms (3,362 lb)Template:Convert/test/A(dry weight)
1,630 kilograms (3,594 lb)Template:Convert/test/A (kerb weight)
Predecessor Ferrari 599
Successor Ferrari 812 Superfast

The Ferrari F12berlinetta (also unofficially referred to as the F12 Berlinetta or the F12, and unofficially stylized as the F12Berlinetta or F12B for short) is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari. The F12berlinetta, debuted at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show, replaces the 599 series grand tourers. The naturally aspirated 6.3 litre Ferrari V12 engine in the F12berlinetta has won the International Engine of the Year Awards 2013 in the Best Performance category and Best Engine above 4.0 litres. The F12berlinetta was named "The Supercar of the Year 2012" by car magazine Top Gear.

In 2014 it was awarded the XXIII Premio Compasso d'oro ADI. Accepting the award was Ferrari’s Senior Vice President of Design, Flavio Manzoni.

Specifications

Engine

The F12berlinetta uses a 6,262 cc (382 cu in)Template:Convert/test/Aon, naturally aspirated 65° V12 engine of the Ferrari F140 engine family. Engine displacement is shared with the FF, but the F140 FC version installed on the F12 produces 740 PS (544 kW; 730 hp)Template:Convert/test/Aon at 8250 rpm and 690 N·m (Template:Convert/lbft)Template:Convert/test/Aon of torque at 6000 rpm, making it the fourth-most powerful Ferrari road car to date, only surpassed by LaFerrari, F12tdf, and 812 Superfast. This allows the F12berlinetta to accelerate from 0 to Template:Convert/kphTemplate:Convert/test/Aon in an officially reported 3.1 seconds, 0 to Template:Convert/kphTemplate:Convert/test/Aon in 8.5 seconds and a top speed of 211 mph (Template:Convert/kph)Template:Convert/test/Aon.

The engine of the F12berlinetta has been designed to be more efficient than that of the 599, as well as more powerful. The engine management system is fitted with Ferrari's HELE start-stop system to reduce fuel consumption when idling. Ferrari reports that the F12berlinetta can achieve Template:Convert/mpgimpTemplate:Convert/test/Aon – a 30% improvement over the 599 – and produces CO2 emissions of 350 g/km.

Transmission

Similar to the California, 458 Italia, FF and LaFerrari, the F12berlinetta transmits power through a 7-speed dual-clutch automated semi-automatic gearbox operated by the driver using paddle shifters behind the steering wheel. Compared to similar models, the F12berlinetta uses shortened gear ratios to match the power of the engine.

Chassis

The F12berlinetta is built around an aluminum space frame chassis co-developed with Scaglietti. The chassis is made up of 12 different aluminum alloys and improves structural rigidity by 20% over the 599, whilst reducing weight by 70 kg ({{rnd/cExpression error: Unexpected < operator.decExpression error: Unexpected < operator.|Expression error: Unexpected < operator.|(Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".)}} lb)Template:Convert/test/Aon. The center of gravity has been lowered by around 25 mm (1 in). The F12berlinetta's weight distribution is 48% front, 52% rear.

Similar to other contemporary Ferrari models, the F12berlinetta uses Ferrari's third generation CCM3 carbon ceramic disc brakes with ABS, SCM-E magnetorheological suspension, an electronic LSD, ESP Premium stability control and F1-Trac traction control. The car's stability and traction control, suspension and other settings are controlled by the Manettino dial mounted on the steering wheel.<ref name="ferrari-1march2012" />

Tyres

The F12berlinetta is fitted with Michelin Pilot Super Sport tyres, with the tyre codes 255/35 ZR20 (on 20"×9.5J wheels) at the front and 315/35 ZR20 (on 20"×11.5J wheels) at the rear.

Rear view of the F12berlinetta at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.

Aerodynamics

The F12berlinetta makes use of aerodynamic techniques based on Ferrari's 599XX and Formula One programmers, developed with wind tunnel and CFD testing. A notable feature is the Aero Bridge, an air channel running from the bonnet, through the flanks and along the sides of the vehicle, creating an effect that increases downforce. Another feature is Active Brake Cooling ducts, which open to direct cooling air only when the brakes are hot, keeping them closed at other times to reduce aerodynamic drag. The F12berlinetta produces 123 kg ({{rnd/cExpression error: Unexpected < operator.decExpression error: Unexpected < operator.|Expression error: Unexpected < operator.|(Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".)}} lb)Template:Convert/test/Aon of downforce at Template:Convert/kphTemplate:Convert/test/Aon – an increase of 76% over the 599 GTB – and has a drag coefficient of 0.299.

Performance

Ferrari reports that the F12berlinetta is capable of lapping the Fiorano test circuit in 1 minute, 23 seconds; three seconds slower than LaFerrari, a full second faster than the 599 GTO, two seconds faster than the Enzo, two seconds faster than the 458 Italia, three seconds faster than the 430 Scuderia and three and a half seconds faster than the 599 GTB.

Design

The body of the F12berlinetta is designed by the Ferrari Styling Center and Pininfarina, and shares some styling elements with other recent Ferrari models. This includes a front grille similar to the FF and headlights shared with the FF and 458 Italia. The interior, based on the FF, features new "Frau leather" upholstery with aluminum, Alutex, and carbon fibre trim, and has increased luggage space compared to the 599.

The body computer system is developed by Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting. Template:Wide image

Template:AnchorFerrari F12tdf (2016)

Ferrari F12tdf at the 2016 Goodwood Festival of Speed

Ferrari revealed a lightweight, track-focused version of the F12berlinetta in October 2015. 799 units will be produced. Its name pays homage to the Tour de France automobile race held between 1899 and 1986 and which was regularly won by the Ferrari 250 between 1956 and 1964. The F12tdf has the same 6.3L V12 engine as the standard car, but it now puts out 780 PS (574 kW; 769 hp)Template:Convert/test/Aon and 705 N·m (Template:Convert/lbft)Template:Convert/test/Aon. It also weighs 110 kg (243 lb)Template:Convert/test/Aon less than the standard F12, so the dry weight stands at 1,415 kg (3,120 lb)Template:Convert/test/Aon. The F12tdf can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h ({{rnd/cExpression error: Unexpected < operator.decExpression error: Unexpected < operator.|Expression error: Unexpected < operator.|(Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".)}} mph)Template:Convert/test/Aon in 2.9 seconds and 0 to 200 km/h (124 mph) in 7.9 seconds (or even 7.1 seconds, according to a few UK sources). The top speed is 'in excess of 211 mph (Template:Convert/kph)Template:Convert/test/Aon'. The car has lapped Ferrari's Fiorano test circuit in 1 minute 21 seconds, 2 seconds faster than the standard F12berlinetta and 488 GTB, and just 1.3 seconds behind the fastest lap set by the LaFerrari. F12tdf was designed by Ferrari Styling Centre.

One-offs and specials

Ferrari F12 TRS

The F12 TRS is a unique one-off with a red barchetta body based on the F12berlinetta, made for a customer by Ferrari under its Special Projects program. It made its public debut in Sicily at Ferrari Cavalcade in June 2014. Designed in-house by the Centro Stile Ferrari headed by Flavio Manzoni, it was inspired by the 1957 250 Testa Rossa, reinterpreted in a modern key.

The Ferrari F12 TRS also took part to the 2014 Goodwood Festival of Speed.

In November 2014 a second F12 TRS was spotted at Circuito Monteblanco in Spain, painted in black, while the red version was displayed again in January 2015 at the Festival Automobile International in Paris.

A third F12 TRS was seen in Rome at the Ferrari Cavalcade in June 2015, finished in a chrome grey paint and featuring redesigned front bumper, headlights, mirrors and rear diffuser.

A red F12 TRS featuring the same redesigned body was spotted in Corsica in 2016.

Ferrari SP America

The Ferrari SP America is a F12berlinetta-based one-off coupé completed in 2014, like the F12 TRS an offspring of Ferrari's Special Projects program.

Ferrari F60 America

Ferrari F60 America

The Ferrari F60 America is a limited production roadster derivative of the F12, celebrating 60 years of Ferrari in North America. It was built by Ferrari in ten examples, according to the manufacturer all already spoken for at the time of the car's public introduction in October 2014. The open-top configuration pays homage to US-only limited production convertible Ferraris of the past, such as the 275 GTS/4 NART Spider. Compared to the F12, the F60 has all-new bodywork; it uses a light removable soft top instead of a conventional convertible top. Each of the ten examples built features an asymmetrical cabin design with red trim for the driver's area and black for the passenger, American flag detailing in the center of the backrests of both seats, and classic blue and white North American Racing Team livery.

Touring Superleggera Berlinetta Lusso at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show

Template:AnchorTouring Berlinetta Lusso

At the March 2015 Geneva Motor Show Carrozzeria Touring unveiled the Touring Berlinetta Lusso, a one-off two-seater, three-box coupé based on the F12berlinetta. Carrozzeria Touring made the car on a client's request, re-boding the F12 in aluminum alloys and carbon fiber; a small production run of five examples was announced.

Ferrari F12berlinetta SG50 Edition

The Ferrari F12berlinetta SG50 Edition is a one-off car made to celebrate Singapore’s 50 years of independence.

Ferrari SP275 RW Competizione

File:Ferrari SP275 RW Competizione.jpg
SP275 RW at the 2016 Ferrari Finale Mondiali in Daytona, Florida

The Ferrari SP275 RW Competizione is a one-off car inspired by the Ferrari 275 GTB/C Speciale 1964.


External links

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V12 Grand tourer 550 Maranello 575M Maranello 599 GTB Fiorano F12berlinetta 812 Superfast
550 Barchetta 575 Superamerica 599 SA Aperta/599 GTO F60 America/F12tdf
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