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Ferrari FF

Alfa Romeo 1900 DISCO VOLANTE SPIDER
Ferrari FF
Manufacturer Ferrari
Production 2011–2016
Assembly Maranello, Italy
Designer Pininfarina and Ferrari Styling Centre under Flavio Manzoni
Class Grand tourer (S)
Body Style 2-door shooting-brake
Layout Front mid-engine, four-wheel-drive
Engine 6.3 L F140 EB V12
Transmission 7-speed dual-clutch
Wheelbase 2,990 millimetres (117.7 in)Template:Convert/test/A
Length 4,907 millimetres (193.2 in)Template:Convert/test/A
Width 1,953 millimetres (76.9 in)Template:Convert/test/A
Height 1,379 millimetres (54.3 in)Template:Convert/test/A
Weight 1,880 kilograms (4,145 lb)Template:Convert/test/A
Predecessor Ferrari 612 Scaglietti
Successor Ferrari GTC4Lusso
Ferrari FF Concept presented at 2011 Geneva Motor Show

The Ferrari FF (FF meaning "Ferrari Four", for four seats and four-wheel drive) is a grand tourer presented by Ferrari on March 1, 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show a type of sporting hatchback/estate car with two doors. The car is a shooting brake, which was conceived to take gentlemen on the hunt with their firearms and dogs. While the name has been loosely applied to station wagons in general, the most famous shooting brakes had custom two-door bodies fitted to the chassis of pedigreed cars from the likes of Aston Martin, Bentley, Jaguar and Rolls-Royce. It replaced the 612 Scaglietti grand tourer. The FF has a top speed of 335 km/h (Template:Convert/mi/h)Template:Convert/test/Aon and it accelerates from zero to 100 km/h (Template:Convert/mi/h)Template:Convert/test/Aon in 3.7 seconds. Ferrari states that the FF was the world's fastest four-seat automobile upon its release to the public. The FF costs US$300,000, with 800 being produced during the first year.

Specifications

Engine

At the time of its unveiling Ferrari FF has the largest capacity road-going Ferrari engine ever produced: a F140 EB 6,262 cc (Template:Convert/L cuin)Template:Convert/test/Aon naturally aspirated direct injected 65° V12, which produces 660 PS (485 kW; 651 hp)Template:Convert/test/Aon at 8,000 rpm and 683 N·m (Template:Convert/lb·ft)Template:Convert/test/Aon of torque at 6000 rpm.

Transmission

The FF is equipped with a 7-speed dual-clutch semi-automatic paddle shift system similar to the California, the 458 Italia, and the F12berlinetta.

Four wheel drive system

The new four-wheel drive system, engineered and patented by Ferrari, is called 4RM: it is around 50% lighter than a conventional system, and provides power intelligently to each of the four wheels as needed. It functions only when the manettino dial on the steering wheel is in the "comfort" or "snow" positions, leaving the car most often in the traditional rear wheel drive layout.

Ferrari's first use of 4RM was in a prototype created in the end of the 80s, called 408 4RM (abbreviation of "4.0 liter, 8 cylinder, 4 Ruote Motrici", meaning "four-wheel drive").

This system is based around a second, simple, gearbox (gears and other components built by Carraro Engineering), taking power from the front of the engine. This gearbox (designated "power take off unit", or PTU) has only two forward gears (2nd and 4th) plus reverse (with gear ratios 6% taller than the corresponding ratios in the main gearbox), so the system is only active in 1st to 4th gears. The connection between this gearbox and each front wheel is via independent haldex-type clutches, without a differential. Due to the difference in ratios "the clutches continually slip" and only transmit, at most, 20% of the engine's torque. A detailed description of the system (based on a conversation with Roberto Fedeli, Ferrari's technical director) has been published.

Design

Exterior

Ferrari FF

The FF shares the design language of contemporary Ferraris, including the pulled-back headlights of the 458 Italia, and the twin circular taillights seen on the 458 as well as the 599 GTB Fiorano. Designed under the direction of Lowie Vermeersch, former Design Director at Pininfarina, and Flavio Manzoni, Ferrari’s Styling Centre, work on the shooting brake concept initially started following the creation of the Sintesi show car of 2007. Distinctive styling elements include a large egg-crate grille, defined side skirts, and four exhaust tips. The shooting brake configuration is a departure from the conventional wedge shape of modern Ferraris, and the FF has been likened to the similarly-shaped 1962 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Drogo race car.

Interior

The combination of hatchback-like shooting-brake design and collapsible rear seats gives the Ferrari FF a boot capacity of between 450 litres (Template:Convert/cufoot)Template:Convert/test/A to 800 litres (Template:Convert/cufoot)Template:Convert/test/A.

Awards

  • Car&Driver China magazine gives the FF the title of “Most Beautiful Super Car 2011” at Shangai Auto Show.
  • Oriental TV nominated the FF “Most Popular Imported Car Model at 2011 Shanghai Auto Show”.
  • The FF won Top Gear magazine's "Estate Car of the Year 2011" award.
  • The FF won Top Gear Indian magazine's "Luxury Car of The Year 2012" award.
  • According to Friday, 31 May 2013 US Department of Energy, Ferrari FF, 12 cyl., 6.3 L, Auto (AM7) is 2013 Least Fuel Efficient Car in the midsize class (the same position as the Bentley Mulsanne 8 cyl., 6.8 L, Auto (S8)), with Template:Convert/mpgusTemplate:Convert/test/Aon


External links

< Ferrari timeline 1967–1990 Ferrari timeline 1990s-Present
Type 1990s 2000s 2010s
6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
V8 Rear mid-engine
sports car
360 458
Challenge Stradale 430 Scuderia 458 Speciale
F355 F430 488
Convertible California California T
2+2 grand tourer GTC4Lusso T
V12 Grand tourer 550 Maranello 575M Maranello 599 GTB Fiorano F12berlinetta 812 Superfast
550 Barchetta 575 Superamerica 599 SA Aperta/599 GTO F60 America/F12tdf
2+2 grand tourer 456 456 M 612 Scaglietti FF GTC4Lusso
Supercar F50 Enzo LaFerrari LaFerrari Aperta
Programma FXX FXX 599XX FXX K