Ferrari Testarossa

From WOI Encyclopedia Italia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ferrari Testarossa at Wheels Of Italy
Ferrari Testarossa, 512TR, F512M
Manufacturer: Ferrari
Class: mid-engined coupe
Production: 19841996
Predecessor: Ferrari 512BB
Successor: Ferrari 550 Maranello
Ferrari Testarossa
Production: 19841990
Body styles: Berlinetta
Engines: 4.9 L F12
Ferrari 512TR
Production: 19911993
Body styles: Berlinetta
Engines: 4.9 L F12
Ferrari F512M
Production: 19941996
Body styles: Berlinetta
Engines: 4.9 L F12

The Ferrari Testarossa is an V12 mid-engined sports car made by Ferrari, which went into production in 1984 as the successor to the Ferrari 512 BB. It shouldn't be confused with the earlier Testa Rossas, GT sports cars that ran in the World Championships, including the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

The name, which means "red head", comes from the red painted cylinder heads on the flat-12 engine. The engine was technically a 180° V engine since it shared flat-plane crankshaft pins with opposing cylinders. Output was 390 hp (291 kW), and the car won many comparison tests and admirers - it was featured on the cover of Road & Track magazine nine times in just five years. Almost 10,000 Testarossas, 512TRs, and 512Ms were produced, making this one of the most common Ferrari models despite its high price and exotic design.

The car was based strongly on the 512 BB. Both shared the same basic platform, though the Testarossa added coilover shocks to the double wishbones at the rear. The engine was similar, too, though it now featured 4 valves per cylinder and Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection. One significant mechanical difference was the radiator: The 512 BB featured a single radiator in the nose, while the Testarossa used a pair of smaller units on each side in front of the rear wheels. This necessitated the impressive side slits and strakes as well as the wide body.

The Testarossa was also notable for its appearance in the 1980s TV series Miami Vice, making it one of the most recognized Ferraris since the 308 GTS used on Magnum P.I.. The Testarossa also appeared in Sega's hit coin-op game Outrun.


The original Testarossa was modified for 1991 and released as the 512TR. It bumped the output of the 4.9 L engine to 428 hp (319 kW).


The Modificata F512M was the final Testarossa, with power now climbing to 440 hp. Released in 1994, it was the company's last mid-engined 12-cylinder car, apart from the F50 and Enzo supercars, and featured the company's last flat engine. It was replaced in 1996 by the front-engined 550 Maranello coupe.

< Ferrari timeline 1948–1967 Ferrari timeline 1960s-1990s Ferrari timeline 1990–Present >
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa 512TR F512M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 coupé 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365GTC/4 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456 M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288
F40 F50
Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Ferrari Dino