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Ferrari 288 GTO

Ferrari 288 GTO
Ferrari GTO
Aka Ferrari 288 GTO
Manufacturer Ferrari
Parent company Fiat Group
Class Supercar
Layout RMR layout
Production 1984–1985
277 produced
Predecessor Ferrari 250 GTO
Successor Ferrari F40
Related Ferrari 308 GTB
Body style Berlinetta (coupe)
Engine 2.8 L turbocharged V8
"Ferrari GTO" redirects here. For the early 60's GTO, see Ferrari 250 GTO.


The Ferrari GTO (often referred to as Ferrari 288 GTO) was an exotic homologation (thus the O) of the Ferrari 308 GTB produced in 1984 through 1986.

Background

The Ferrari GTO was built to compete in the new Group B Race series and a minimum of 200 cars were required for homologation. However as only Ferrari and Porsche, with their 959, entered, the series was soon abandoned leaving just the Group B Rally championship. The Porsche 959 {961} only raced three times in Group B, but the 288 GTO never raced and all 272 cars built remained purely road cars.

Engine

The GTO was based on the mid-engined, rear wheel drive 308 GTB. The 288 refers to its 2.8 liter V8 engine, though, as it used a de-bored (by 1 mm) V8 with twin IHI turbochargers, intercoolers, and Weber-Marelli fuel injection. The 2855 cc engine capacity was dictated by the FIA's requirement for a Turbocharged engine's capacity to be multiplied by 1.4. This gave the GTO a theoretical engine capacity of 3997 cc, just under the Group B limit of 4.0 litres.

Unlike the 308, the engine was mounted longitudinally, using the 308's rear boot space. The wheelbase was 110mm longer at 2450mm, and the track was widened also. With 400 hp (almost 140 hp per liter) and 366ftlbf of torque, the GTO was an impressive performer. 0-60 mph times were in the upper 4 second range and Ferrari claimed 0-125 mph (201 km/h) in 15 seconds flat. Top speed was a staggering 190mph.


Engine model: F114 CR2 90o V8

Bore & Stroke: 80 x 71 mm

Total Displacement: 2855 cc

Cylinder bloack and heads: Light alloy

Compression Ratio: 7.8 : 1

Engine Power: 650 bhp at 7800 rpm (227.7 HP/litre)


Engine Torque: 492 lb ft at 4800 rpm (68.0 krm)

Supercharges: Twin IHI Turbocharges with 2 Behr Intercoolers

Ignition: 2 integreated Weber Marelli IAW indirect injection-ignition systems


Spark Plugs: Champion A 59 G 12 mm

Cooling: Forced water cooling - 1 front radiator 22 litre circuit

Lubrication: Forced lubrication, dry sump, Savara filter an radiator, 8 kg circuit

Clutch: 8.5 inch Borg & Beck dual disk

Transmission: 5 synchronized gears


Suspension Front: Independent suspension, transverse quadrilaterals, large coil springs

Shock Absorbers Front: Koni coaxial with transverse anti-roll bars

Suspension Rear: Independent suspension, transverse quadrilaterals, large coil springs

Shock Absorbers Front: Koni coaxial with transverse anti-roll bars

Overall length:: 4225 mm

Overall width: 1970 mm

Height: 1100 mm

Wheelbase: 2445 mm

Front track: 1569 mm

Rear track: 1669 mm


Dry Weight: 1114 kg

Fuel Tank: 120 litres in 2 tanks

Wheels: OZ Racing, light alloy, detachable,

Front Wheels: 8J x 16

Rear Wheels: 12,5j x 16


Tyres: Goodyear NCT

Tyres Front: 210/60 MR 16

Tyres Rear: 350/60 MR 16

Brakes: 4 self ventilatings discs

Steering: Rack and Pinion

Electrical System: 12 volt, A 80 Bosch alternator, Ah 66 AC Delco bettery


Maximum Speed: 230 mph / 370 kph

Acceleration 0-60 mph: 4.0 seconds


Evoluzione

Ferrari also built 5 288 GTO Evoluzione models with more aggressive and aerodynamic body styling and increased power. The engine in the Evoluzione originally put out as much as 650 hp; however, this was dialed down to 450 hp after Group B was banned as a whole in 1986. These cars form the clearest visual link between the 288 GTO and the F40, soon to follow.

Legacy

The GTO was the first in a series of Ferrari supercars, continued with its much-modified version, the 1987 F40. Also, the later V12-engined F50 and Enzo would not have been produced if not for the 288 GTO.

In 2004, Sports Car International named this car number two on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s, behind its German rival the Porsche 959. Former Formula One driver Eddie Irvine has owned a 288 GTO since the early days of his career.There are now only two 288 GTO Evos left in existence.

External Links

< Ferrari timeline 1948–1967 Ferrari timeline 1960s-1990s Ferrari timeline 1990–Present >
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa 512TR F512M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
"Daytona"
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 coupé 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365GTC/4 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456 M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288
GTO
F40 F50
Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Ferrari Dino