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Ferrari 348

Ferrari 348 Targa
Ferrari 348
Manufacturer: Ferrari
Class: mid-engined coupe
Production: 19891995
Related: Ferrari Mondial t
Predecessor: 328 GTB/GTS
Successor: Ferrari F355
Body styles: Berlinetta
Spider
Targa
Engines: 3.4 L V8
This article is part of the automobile series.


The Ferrari 348 is a mid-engined, rear wheel drive V8-powered 2-seat sports car, replacing the 328 in 1989.

The 348, badged 348 TB for the coupe and 348 TS for the targa versions, features a naturally aspirated 3.4 litre version of the quad-cam, 4-valve per cylinder V8 engine which was originally found in the 288 GTO supercar. The engine produces 300 hp (224 kW) and sits longitudinally with a transverse gearbox, like the Mondial t with which the 348 shares many components. This was a major switch for Ferrari, with most previous small Ferraris using a transverse engine with longitudinal transmission.

All 348s were shipped with dual-computer, double-redundant Anti-Lock Braking systems. Traction Control and Launch Control are 348 aftermarket options available through Gemballa, among others.

Likewise, all 348s were shipped with on-board self-diagnosing Air Conditioning and heating systems.

U.S. 348s have functioning on-board OBDI engine management systems, though European variants need to have light bulbs placed into the dash to activate this trouble-shooting feature.

Similar to the Testarossa but departing from the BB 512 and 308/328, the oil and coolant radiators were relocated from the nose to the sides, widening the waist of the car substantially, but making the cabin much easier to cool, since hoses routing warm water no longer ran underneath the cabin as in the older front-radiator cars. This also had the side effect of making the doors very wide.

All Ferrari 348s use racing "dry-sump" oil systems to prevent oil starvation at high speeds and in hard corners. The oil level can only be checked (accurately) on the dip-stick when the motor is running due to this setup.

Likewise, all 348s have independent, corner-adjustable ride/height/weight adjustment abilities built in to each suspension, as well as a removable rear sub-frame to speed up the removal of the engine for maintenance.

More than 8,000 348s were produced, and the car's straked side air intakes give it a Testarossa look (because of this it is sometimes considered a kid brother to the Testarossa).

The car has been criticized for twitchy handling when driven with mismatched tires (some old, some new). When tested by Car and Driver magazine versus the Acura NSX, it was found to be very easy to spin out around some turns when all 4 tires were not identical in tire-model and tire-age. Its "break away" characteristic was then abrupt and difficult to catch once rear traction was lost.

Ferrari 348 Spider at Wheels Of Italy

In 1993 the 348 was revised, featuring subtle styling changes and more power, this time producing 312 bhp (U.S) and 320 hp (Euro) from the same 3.4 litre engine (different exhaust). The revised cars are called 348 GTB and GTS, The lower body being body-colored instead of black and the rear track being one inch wider due to the addition of spacers and the suspension geometry was revised which greatly enhanced its super-car-level handling, ride and body control. The 348 Spider (convertible) model was also introduced, in-line with the phasing out of the Mondial Cabriolet.

For 1994 only, Ferrari also made 360hp to 500hp 348 Competizione race models (some sold in Europe for the street, too) in conjunction with the Michelotto performance house. These 348 GTCs (or GT Competiziones) had kevlar front and rear bumpers, kevlar seats, kevlar door panels, whilst the Le Mans race models used F40 half-shafts.

Specifications

TB and TS

  • Engine: DOHC, 32 Valve V8, 3405 cc
  • Power: 300bhp (224kW) @ 7200 rpms
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual
  • Chassis: Steel platform & sub-frame
  • Suspension: Independent all round
  • Brakes: 4 wheel Disk ABS
  • Max. Speed: 275 km/h (171 mph)
  • Acceleration:
    • 0-96 km/h (60 mph): 5.3 s
    • 0-161 km/h (100 mph): 13 s

GTB, GTS and Spider

  • Engine: DOHC, 32 Valve V8, 3405 cc
  • Power: Template:Auto bhp @ 7800 rpms
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual
  • Chassis: Steel platform & sub-frame
  • Suspension: Independent all round
  • Brakes: 4 wheel Disk ABS
  • Max. Speed: 275 km/h (171 mph)
  • Acceleration
    • 0-96 km/h (60 mph): 4.9 s
    • 0-161 km/h (100 mph): 12.7 s

1994 Ferrari 348 Spyder S


< Ferrari timeline 1948–1967 Ferrari timeline 1960s-1990s Ferrari timeline 1990–Present >
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa 512TR F512M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
"Daytona"
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 coupé 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365GTC/4 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456 M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288
GTO
F40 F50
Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Ferrari Dino