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Ferrari 125 F1

FERRARI 125f1.jpg
Ferrari 125 F1
Manufacturer: Ferrari
Class Formula One car
Production 19481950
Predecessor
Successor Ferrari 275 F1
Engine 1.5 L Colombo 125 V12
Designer Gioacchino Colombo
Wheelbase 2160 m (85 in)
2320 mm (91 in)
Length 3685 mm (145 in)
Width 1400 mm (55 in)
Height 1025 mm (40 in)
Weight 710 kg (1565 lb)
See also the 125 S, a sports racer sharing the same engine


The 125 F1 Ferrari's first Formula 1 car. It shared its engine with the 125 S sports racer which preceded it by a year, but was developed at the same time by Enzo Ferrari and famed designer, Gioacchino Colombo.

The 125 F1 used a supercharged 1.5 L V12 engine and sported a steel tube-frame chassis with longitudinal and cross members. It had a double wishbone suspension with a transverse leaf spring in front and a torsion bar in the rear which was upgraded to a de Dion tube for 1950. Worm and sector steering and four-wheel drum brakes were the norm for the time. The 2160 mm (85 in) wheelbase was uprated to 2320 mm (91 in) in the 1949 redesign.

The 125 F1 was powered by Gioacchino Colombo's 1.5 L (1497 cc/91 in³) 60° V12. It had a single overhead camshaft on each bank of cylinders with a 60° angle between the two banks. The endine had two valves per cylinder fed through one Weber 40DOC3 or 50WCF carburettor. With just a 6.5:1 compression ratio, the supercharged engine still produced 230 hp (172 kW) at 7000 rpm. However, the Roots-type single-stage supercharger was incapable of producing the high-end power required to compete with the strong eight-cylinder Alfa Romeo 158 and four-cylinder Maserati 4CLT. Strong driving and a nimble chassis, however, allowed the company to place third in its first outing, at the Valentino Grand Prix on September 5, 1948, and the company persevered in racing.

For 1949, the engine was further modified with dual overhead camshafts (though still two valves per cylinder) and a two-stage supercharger. This combination gave the car better top-end performance and the resulting 280 hp (209 kW) gave it five Grand Prix wins. Development continued the following year, but the problematic superchargers were dropped in favor of larger displacement and Lampredi's 275 engine superceded the original Ferrari engine.

Racing

The 125 F1 debuted at the Valentino Grand Prix on September 5, 1948. Three cars were fielded, with drivers Prince Bira of Siam, Nino Farina, and Raymond Sommer who placed third in the race.

Victories
Date Location Driver
October 24, 1948 Garda Circuit, Salò Giuseppe Farina
July 3, 1949 Switzerland Grand Prix, Bern Alberto Ascari
July 31, 1949 Zandvoort Grand Prix Luigi Villoresi
August 20, 1949 Daily Express Trophy, Silverstone Alberto Ascari
September 11, 1949 Italian Grand Prix, Monza Alberto Ascari
September 25, 1949 Masaryk Circuit, Brno Peter Whitehead
July 13, 1950 Jersey Road Race Peter Whitehead
August 12, 1950 Ulster Trophy, Dundrod Peter Whitehead
October 1, 1950 Interstate Race, Interlagos Francisco Landi
January 25, 1951 São Paulo Grand Prix Francisco Landi
May 20, 1951 Governador Noguera Garcez Race, Interlagos Francisco Landi
June 28, 1951 Bõa Vista Grand Prix, Rio de Janero Francisco Landi


3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Scuderia Ferrari
Personnel:
22px-Flag of France.png Jean Todt | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Mario Almondo | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Stefano Domenicali | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Luca Baldisseri
Current drivers:
22px-Flag of Finland.png Kimi Räikkönen | 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Felipe Massa | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Luca Badoer | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Giancarlo Fisichella (Test Driver) 22px-Flag of Spain.png Marc Gené (Test Driver)
Notable Former drivers:
22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Alberto Ascari | 22px-Flag of Argentina.png Juan Manuel Fangio | 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Mike Hawthorn | 22px-Flag of Austria.png Niki Lauda | 22px-Flag of South Africa.png Jody Scheckter | 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png John Surtees | 22px-Flag of the United States.png Phil Hill | 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Rubens Barrichello | 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Eddie Irvine | 22px-Flag of France.png Jean Alesi | 22px-Flag of France.png Alain Prost | 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Nigel Mansell | 22px-Flag of Austria.png Gerhard Berger | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Michele Alboreto | 22px-Flag of France.png René Arnoux | 22px-Flag of France.png Patrick Tambay | 22px-Flag of the Canada.png Gilles Villeneuve | 22px-Flag of Argentina.png Carlos Reutemann | 20px-Flag of Switzerland.png Clay Regazzoni | 22px-Flag of the United States.png Mario Andretti | 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Jacky Ickx | 22px-Flag of Germany.png Wolfgang Graf Berghe von Trips | 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Lorenzo Bandini
Formula One cars:
125 | 275 | 340 | 375 | 500 | 553 | 625 | 555 | D50 | 801 | 412 | 246 | 256 | 156 | 158 | 1512 | 312 | 312B | 312T | 126C | 156/85 | F1/86 | F1/87 | 640 | 641 | 642 | 643 | F92A | F93A | 412T | F310 | F310B | F300 | F399 | F1-2000 | F2001 | F2002 | F2002B | F2003-GA | F2004 | F2004M | F2005 | 248 | F2007 | F2008 | F60 | F10 | 150° Italia | F2012


Cars that competed in the 1950 Formula One season (ex. Indianapolis 500)
Alfa Romeo 158 • Alfa Romeo 159 • Alta GP • Cooper T12 • ERA A-type • ERA B-type • ERA E-type • Ferrari 125 • Ferrari 166 • Ferrari 275 • Ferrari 375 • Maserati 4CL • Maserati 4CLT • Milano • Simca-Gordini T15 • Talbot-Lago T26C/-DA/-GS


<center>Cars that competed in the 1951 Formula One season (ex. Indianapolis 500)
Alfa Romeo 159/159A/159B/159M • Alta GP • BRM P15 • ERA B-type • Ferrari 125 • Ferrari 212 • Ferrari 375 • HWM • Maserati 4CL • Maserati 4CLT • OSCA 4500G • Simca-Gordini T11 • Simca-Gordini T15 • Talbot-Lago T26C/-DA/-GS • Thinwall Special • Veritas Meteor


<center>Cars that competed in the 1952 FIA World Championship (ex. Indianapolis 500)
AFM • Alta F2 • Aston NB • BMW Eigenbau • Cisitalia D46 • Connaught Type A • Cooper T20 • ERA G-type • Ferrari 125 • Ferrari 166 • Ferrari 212 • Ferrari 500 • Frazer-Nash FN48 • Frazer-Nash 421 • Gordini T16 • HWM • Maserati 4CLT • Maserati A6GCM • OSCA 20 • Simca-Gordini T11 • Simca-Gordini T15 • Veritas Meteor • Veritas RS
Ferrari Formula One cars
40s 1950s 1960s 1970s
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
125 275
340
375
500 553
625
555
D50
801 412
246
256 156 158
1512
312 312 B 312 T
1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
312 T 126 C 156/85 F1/86 F1/87 640 641 642/643 F92A F93A 412T F310/B F300 F399 F1-2000 F2001 F2001
F2002
F2002B
F2003-GA
F2004 F2004M
F2005
248 F2007