|Years||1963 – 1968|
|Team(s)||Ferrari, Cooper, Anglo American Racers|
|Races||12 (10 starts)|
|First race||1963 Dutch Grand Prix|
|Last race||1968 Monaco Grand Prix|
|Video||Lodovico Scarfiotti racing at Targa Florio 1966|
Ludovico Scarfiotti (18 October 1933 - 8 June 1968) was a Formula One and sports car driver from Italy. Just prior to entering Formula One, he won the 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans for Ferrari. Immediately after he debuted in Grands Prix racing on 23 June, later participating in 12 World Championship races. He won 1 race, and scored a total of 17 championship points. A motor sports competitor for a decade, Scarfiotti won the European mountain driving title in 1962. He was proclaimed Italy's best driver in both 1962 and 1965.
Scarfiotti was born in Turin. His 1966 Italian Grand Prix win, at the wheel of a Ferrari, was the last Italian Grand Prix victory (as of July 2007) by an Italian driver. Scarfiotti was associated with cars from his youth. His father was among five founders of the Fiat automobile company.
Sports car competition
Scarfiotti competed in the 1,000 Kilometres de Paris sports car race in October 1962. He finished third with teammate Colin Davis. The event was won by Pedro Rodríguez and Ricardo Rodríguez driving a Ferrari. Partnered with Bandini, Scarfioti was victorious in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in June 1963. Their factory Ferrari achieved an average speed of 117.99 miles per hour over a distance of 2,832 miles. The victory was worth almost $20,000 in various prize money along with prestige.
John Surtees and Scarfiotti shared a Ferrari which gave the marque a fourth consecutive victory in 1965. They won the 1000km Nürburgring race. They led throughout the 44 laps, posting a winning time of 6 hours, 53 minutes, and 5 seconds, for an average speed of 90.46 m.p.h. Scarfiotti and Lorenzo Bandini drove a 2-litre Ferrari to second place in a 1,000 kilometre sports car race at the Nürburgring in June 1966. First place went to Phil Hill and Joakim Bonnier driving a 5.4-litre Chevrolet-powered Chaparral. The Ferrari was 90 seconds behind in a race that debuted the automatic transmission Chaparral in European competition. Surtees withdrew his 4-litre Ferrari after a number of pit stops following shock absorber trouble on the seventh lap.
Surtees severed relations with the Ferrari racing team following their decision to replace him with Scarfiotti at the 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans. Surtees sustained grave injuries during a September 1965 race in Canada. The dispute was between Surtees and Ferrari team chief, Eugenio Dragoni. The quarrel had to do with Surtees' not having recovered sufficiently to drive competitively. Surtees had a valid complaint. He took first in a 1966 1,000 kilometre race at Monza and won the 1966 Belgian Grand Prix held on June 12. Scarfiotti joined Mike Parkes in a Ferrari P4 for a 1,000 kilometre race at Spa in May 1967. They finished a lap behind Jacky Ickx and Richard Thompson, who drove a Ford Mirage (race car). The winning team averaged 120.5 m.p.h. and posted a time of 5 hours, 9 minutes, 46.5 seconds.
Scarfiotti entered a Ferrari factory car in the September 1967 200-mile Canadian-American Challenge Cup race held on a 2.85 mile course near Bridgehampton, New York. His sponsor was the North American Racing Team of Luigi Chinetti.
The Targa Florio is run near the Tyrrhenian Sea and the breath-taking scenery of the Madonie Mountains which overlook the Mediterranean Sea. The cars run through Cerda to Caltavuturo and Campofelice di Roccella. Scarfiotti wrecked his Porsche on the first day of qualifying in May 1968 and was forced to drive one of the Porsche team's spare entries.
Formula One racer
Enzo Ferrari named Scarfiotti to the Ferrari Formula 1 team of drivers for 1962 along with Surtees, Willy Mairesse, Bandini, and Nino Vaccarella. Scarfiotti placed sixth in the second Ferrari in the 1963 Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort. He was a lap behind victor, Jim Clark, in a Lotus. John Surtees piloted the first Ferrari to third place behind Dan Gurney in a Brabham. Scarfiotti finished fifth in the 1965 Syracuse, Sicily Grand Prix.
Scarfiotti became the first Italian in fifteen years to win the Grand Prix of Italy when he drove his Ferrari to a track record speed of 136.7 m.p.h., to secure the 1966 Italian Grand Prix. He completed the 68 laps around the 3.6. mile Autodromo Nazionale di Monza in an event in which Jack Brabham clinched his 3rd Formula One World Championship, despite exiting on the 7th lap.
The Ferrari team decided to enter two cars in the 1967 Syracuse, Sicily Grand Prix, following the death of Bandini from burns sustained during the 1967 Monaco Grand Prix. Scarfiotti and Parkes each drove a 1966 model single-seater. The two Ferrari drivers shared the victory when they crossed the finish line in a dead heat in Siracusa. Parkes and Scarfiotti were in 3-Litre cars. They were clocked at 113.65 m.p.h. for an official time of 1 hour, 40 minutes, 58 seconds, for the 191.2 mile race.
Brian Redman and Scarfiotti came in 3rd and 4th, respectively, at the 1968 Spanish Grand Prix in Jarama. Both drove for Cooper, with Redman competing in only his second Formula One Grand Prix. The race marked the first win for Graham Hill since 1965.
Driving a Cooper, Scarfiotti placed 3rd in the 1968 Monaco Grand Prix, an event marked by mechanical breakdowns that eliminated 11 of 16 starters before the race was completed. Scarfiotti's qualification time of 1:35.9 was well off that of pole sitter, Bruce McLaren, who was clocked at 1:29.8. Qualifying times were hindered by a track which was slick from rain and mist.
Ludovico Scarfiotti died in 1968 at a hillclimbing event on the Roßfeldhöhenringstraße near Berchtesgaden, Germany. Scarfiotti died when his car crashed in the German Alps during trials for an uphill mountain climb in Berchtesgaden. He became the 3rd Grand Prix driver to die in 1968, following Jim Clark and Mike Spence. Scarfiotti wrecked his Porsche 910 on the Rossfeldstrasse track. The car veered abruptly and catapulted ten yards down a tree-covered slope. The Porsche hung in the trees and Scarfiotti was thrown from the cockpit. His body was discovered fifty yards away. He died in an ambulance of numerous fractures. Huschke von Hastein, the team manager of Porsche, stated that he had never been associated with a fatal accident during the eighteen years he had been in charge of the team. 60 yards of burned rubber braking indicated that Scarfiotti had slammed on his brakes at the final moment. Scarfiotti was married and had two children.
Complete Formula One World Championship results
(key) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1963||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari 156||Ferrari V6||MON||BEL|| NED
|1964||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari 156||Ferrari V6||MON||NED||BEL||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT|| ITA
|1965||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari 1512||Ferrari V12||RSA||MON||BEL||FRA||GBR||NED||GER||ITA||USA|| MEX
|1966||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari Dino 246||Ferrari V6||MON||BEL||FRA||GBR||NED|| GER
|Ferrari 312/66||Ferrari V12|| ITA
|1967||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari 312/67||Ferrari V12||RSA||MON|| NED
|Anglo American Racers||Eagle T1G||Weslake V12|| ITA
|1968||Cooper Car Company||Cooper T86||Maserati V12|| RSA
|Cooper T86B||BRM V12|| ESP