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European Grand Prix

Circuit Valensia street.png
European Grand Prix
Flag 22px-Flag of Europe.png
Circuit Valencia Street Circuit
Laps 57
Circuit length km 5.440
Circuit length mi 3.380
Race length km 310.080
Race length mi 192.683
First held 1983
Last held 2007
Most wins driver 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins constructor 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Ferrari (5)
Current year 2007
Pole driver 22px-Flag of Finland.png Kimi Räikkönen
Pole team Ferrari
Pole time 1:31.450
Winner 22px-Flag of Spain.png Fernando Alonso
Winning team McLaren-Mercedes
Winning time 2h 06m 26.358s (146.567 km/h)
Second 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Felipe Massa
Second team Ferrari
Second time +8.155s
Third 22px-Flag of Australia.png Mark Webber
Third team Red Bull-Renault
Third time +1m 05.674s
Fastest lap driver 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Felipe Massa
Fastest lap team Ferrari
Fastest lap 1:32.853


The European Grand Prix (sometimes referred to as the Grand Prix of Europe) is a Formula One event that was reintroduced during the mid-1980s and has been held regularly since 1999. From 2008 it will take place for at least another 7 years. In earlier years, one of the national Grands Prix was also designated as the European Grand Prix. The first race to be so named was the 1923 Italian Grand Prix, held at Monza and won by Carlo Salamano in a Fiat.

Historical

The European Grand Prix was created as an honorific title by the AIACR, the FIA's predecessor in the organisation of motor racing events. The first race to receive the title was the Italian Grand Prix, in 1923, and it was followed by the French Grand Prix and Belgian Grand Prix. After a hiatus in 1929, Spa received the last honorific title of the pre-WWII years, in 1930.

The title was revived by the FIA after World War II, and was first given to the Belgian Grand Prix in 1947, and was distributed across several countries until the 1977 British Grand Prix, the last race to receive the honorific title. All post-war honorific European Grands Prix were F1 races.

First modern incarnation

The event was initially created as stopgap. In 1983, the Formula One schedule originally featured a race near Flushing Meadows Park in New York. When the race was cancelled three months before the event, track organizers at Brands Hatch were able to create a European Grand Prix at the track in its place. The success of the event, buoyed by a spirited battle for the World Championship, led to the event returning on the schedule the following year.

Brands Hatch was unable to host the European Grand Prix in 1984, as it was hosting the British Grand Prix in even numbered years (alternating with Silverstone) so the European GP went to a redesigned and shorter Nürburgring circuit in 1984. It was a far cry from the 14 mile Nürburgring that most were used to seeing, and was initially unpopular during Formula One's return. Brands Hatch returned to host the European Grand Prix in 1985, but the race was replaced in 1986 by the Hungarian Grand Prix.

Second modern incarnation

In 1990, a wealthy Japanese businessman, Tomonori Tsurumaki, built an extravagant (and remote) race track called Nippon Autopolis with the idea of hosting a Formula One race. In 1992, plans were made to have an Asian Grand Prix in 1993 to replace the Mexican Grand Prix on the schedule. However, these plans failed to materialize. Instead, Bernie Ecclestone added a race at Donington Park to the schedule, which brought back the European Grand Prix moniker. The race was the brainchild of Tom Wheatcroft, who had been trying to bring F1 to the track since an abortive attempt to host the British Grand Prix in 1988. The first (and so far only) race at Donington Park resulted in Ayrton Senna's famous victory in wet/dry conditions where he essentially lapped the field.

The European race would go to Jerez the following season, and then returned to Nürburgring, which was now popular again with drivers. Because of this it hosted the race again in 1996, but after complaints that no other countries were to get the race, the Nürburgring race was renamed the Luxembourg Grand Prix. Jerez got the race back in 1997 as a replacement for the Portuguese Grand Prix. Jerez hosted the season finale that year, and it was the site of the famous incident between Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve which saw Schumacher get disqualified from the championship. It was also the scene of Mika Häkkinen's first Formula One victory.

In 1998, the European Grand Prix was dropped from the schedule, but returned in 1999 when the race at Nürburgring re-adopted the European Grand Prix name.

The 1999 race was notable for the torrential rain conditions which saw many experienced drivers slide off the circuit, presenting Johnny Herbert with the opportunity to take Stewart Grand Prix's first (and only) victory in its final season before being sold to Ford.

The race continued to be held at the Nürburgring until 2007. On August 29 2006 it was announced that it had been removed from the F1 calendar for the 2007 season. From then there would only be one GP hosted in Germany each year, alternating between Hockenheimring and Nürburgring. However, what the name of this Grand Prix would be was uncertain for a time; while originally intended to be the German Grand Prix from 2007 the Nürburgring race of 2007 was renamed "Großer Preis von Europa" (European Grand Prix) due to a dispute over the ownership of the title German Grand Prix.

In 2008 the European Grand Prix will take place in Valencia, Spain.

Sponsors

John Player Grand Prix of Europe 1983
AvD Grand Prix of Europe 1984
Shell Oils Grand Prix of Europe 1985
Sega European Grand Prix 1993
Warsteiner Grand Prix of Europe 1999-2001
Allianz Grand Prix Of Europe 2002-2005,2007
Vodafone Grand Prix Of Europe 2006
Telefonica Grand Prix of Europe 2008-

External links

Winners of the European Grands Prix

Repeat Winners

Only includes World Championship events

Number of wins Driver Achieved
6 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006
2 22px-Flag of Spain.png Fernando Alonso 2005, 2007


The European Grand Prix as a standalone event

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2008 22px-Flag of Spain.svg.png Valencia Report
2007 22px-Flag of Spain.png Fernando Alonso McLaren-Mercedes 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2006 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Ferrari 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2005 22px-Flag of Spain.png Fernando Alonso Renault 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2004 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Ferrari 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2003 22px-Flag of Germany.png Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2002 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Rubens Barrichello Ferrari 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2001 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Ferrari 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
2000 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Ferrari 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
1999 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Johnny Herbert Stewart-Ford 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
1998 Not held
1997 22px-Flag of Finland.png Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes 22px-Flag of Spain.svg.png Jerez Report
1996 22px-Flag of the Canada.png Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
1995 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
1994 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford 22px-Flag of Spain.svg.png Jerez Report
1993 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Ayrton Senna McLaren-Ford 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Donington Report
1986
-92
Not held
1985 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Brands Hatch Report
1984 22px-Flag of France.png Alain Prost McLaren-TAG 22px-Flag of Germany.png Nürburgring Report
1983 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Brands Hatch Report

The European Grand Prix as an honorary designation

Year Driver Constructor Designated Grand Prix Location Report
1977 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png James Hunt McLaren-Ford 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British Grand Prix Silverstone Report
1976 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png James Hunt McLaren-Ford 22px-Flag of the Netherlands.png Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort Report
1975 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Vittorio Brambilla March-Ford 22px-Flag of Austria.png Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring Report
1974 20px-Flag of Switzerland.png Clay Regazzoni Ferrari 22px-Flag of Germany.png German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1973 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Zolder Report
1972 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British Grand Prix Brands Hatch Report
1969
-71
Not held
1968 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford 22px-Flag of Germany.png German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1967 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png John Surtees Honda 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1966 22px-Flag of Australia.png Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco 22px-Flag of France.png French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1965 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Jim Clark Lotus-Climax 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1964 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Jim Clark Lotus-Climax 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British Grand Prix Brands Hatch Report
1963 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Graham Hill BRM 22px-Flag of Monaco.png Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Report
1962 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Graham Hill BRM 22px-Flag of the Netherlands.png Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort Report
1961 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax 22px-Flag of Germany.png German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1960 22px-Flag of the United States.png Phil Hill Ferrari 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1959 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Tony Brooks Ferrari 22px-Flag of France.png French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1958 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Tony Brooks Vanwall 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1957 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Tony Brooks
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Stirling Moss
Vanwall 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British Grand Prix Aintree Report
1956 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Stirling Moss Maserati 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1955 22px-Flag of France.png Maurice Trintignant Ferrari 22px-Flag of Monaco.png Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Report
1954 22px-Flag of Argentina.png Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes-Benz 22px-Flag of Germany.png German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1953 Not held
1952 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Alberto Ascari Ferrari 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1951 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Luigi Fagioli
22px-Flag of Argentina.png Juan Manuel Fangio
Alfa Romeo 22px-Flag of France.png French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1950 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Giuseppe Farina Alfa Romeo 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British Grand Prix Silverstone Report
1949 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Alberto Ascari Ferrari 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1948 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Carlo Felice Trossi Alfa Romeo 20px-Flag of Switzerland.png Swiss Grand Prix Bremgarten Report
1947 22px-Flag of France.png Jean-Pierre Wimille Alfa Romeo 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1931
-46
Not held
1930 22px-Flag of Monaco.png Louis Chiron Bugatti 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1929 Not held
1928 22px-Flag of Monaco.png Louis Chiron Bugatti 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1927 22px-Flag of France.png Robert Benoist Delage 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1926 22px-Flag of France.png Jules Goux Bugatti 22px-Flag of Spain.png San Sebastián Grand Prix Lasarte Report
1925 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Antonio Ascari Alfa Romeo 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1924 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo 22px-Flag of France.png French Grand Prix Lyon Report
1923 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Carlo Salmano Fiat 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian Grand Prix Monza Report


Races in the Formula One championship:
2007 championship Grand Prix events:

Australian | Malaysian | Bahrain | Spanish | Monaco | Canadian | U.S. | French | British
German | European| Hungarian | Turkish | Italian | Belgian | Japanese | Chinese | Brazilian

Past championship Grand Prix events:

Argentine | Austrian | Dutch | Indy 500 | Las Vegas | Luxembourg | Mexican | Morocco
Pacific | Pescara | Portuguese | San Marino | South African | Swedish | Swiss | USA East | USA West

Confirmed future Grand Prix events:

Abu Dhabi | Korean | European | Singapore