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Catanzaro

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Comune di Catanzaro
Region Calabria
Province Catanzaro (CZ)
Altitude 342
Area cityproper 111.3
Population as of May 31, 2005
Population density 94,969
Population density metric 853
Timezone CET, UTC+1
Frazioni Gagliano, Catanzaro Lido, Santa Maria, S. Antonio, Mater Domini, Siano, Bellavista, Sala, S.Janni, Cava, Signorello, Alli, Barone, Germaneto
Telephone 0961
Postalcode 88100
Gentilic Catanzaresi
Saint St. Vitalianus
Day July 16
Mayor Rosario Olivo (since June 2006)
Website www.comune.catanzaro.it


Catanzaro is a city in Calabria, Italy, the capital of the province of Catanzaro and also of the region Calabria.

This town rises on a rock and is split into two parts by the steep Fiumarella valley, the two sections being connected by a huge concrete steel bridge (the Viadotto Morandi), among the highest in Europe, built in 1960 on a design of architect Riccardo Morandi. The beach side neighborhood Catanzaro Lido, located about 5 kilometers south, has a wide promenade and a harbor for small fishing and pleasure boats.

History

There are doubts on the origins of the name. Some say it derived from two Byzantine generals, Kattaro and Zaro, while another theory is that Zaro was the original name of the river (Zarapotamo), so that katà Zaro would mean beyond the river. According to Luigi Settembrini, the name could also be derived by the Greek words kata'- antheros "on the flowery (hills)"

The old town was built over three hills (St. Trifone or St. Rocco Hill; Episcopate's Hill; St. John's Hill) in Byzantine times.

Catanzaro was since the 11th century the lace capital of the world with a large silkworm breeding, it produced all the laces and linens used in the Vatican and supplied merchants that came from all over Europe to buy the silk in the port of Reggio Calabria soon before Pentecost day.

A devastating earthquake in 1783 wiped away churches, palaces and a large part of the population, and a second in 1832 completed the destruction of most ancient historical buildings.


Notable people

Catanzaro is home of the Nobel prize winner prof. Renato Dulbecco and of the contemporary artist Mimmo Rotella, inventor of the Decollage.

External links


Regional Capitals of Italy
L'Aquila (Abruzzo)Template:· Aosta (Aosta Valley)Template:· Bari(Apulia)Template:· Potenza (Basilicata)Template:· Catanzaro (Calabria)Template:· Naples (Campania)Template:· Bologna (Emilia-Romagna)

Trieste (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)Template:· Rome (Lazio)Template:· Genoa (Liguria)Template:· Milan (Lombardy)Template:· Ancona (Marche)Template:· Campobasso (Molise)Template:· Turin (Piedmont)
Cagliari (Sardinia)Template:· Palermo (Sicily)Template:· Trento (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)Template:· Florence (Tuscany)Template:· Perugia (Umbria)Template:· Venice (Veneto)


Regions of Italy
AbruzzoAosta ValleyApuliaBasilicataCalabriaCampaniaEmilia-RomagnaFriuli-Venezia GiuliaLazioLiguriaLombardyMarcheMolisePiedmontSardiniaSicilyTrentino-South TyrolTuscanyUmbriaVeneto