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Reggio Calabria

Reggio Calabria Stemma.png
Comune di Reggio Calabria
Region Calabria
Province Province of Reggio Calabria (RC)
Altitude 31
Area cityproper 236
Population as of 31 december, 2005
Population density 190,127
Population density metric 806
Timezone CET, UTC+1
Frazioni Catona, Gallico, Archi, Gallina, Mosorrofa, Ortì, Pellaro
Telephone 0965
Postal code 89100
Gentilic Reggini
Saint Saint George
Day 23 april
Mayor Giuseppe Scopelliti (since June 1, 2002)
Website www.reggiocal.it


Reggio Calabria (officially Reggio di Calabria, Rìggiu in Calabrian dialect, Righi in Greek-Calabrian), is the largest and the oldest city in Calabria, Italy, dating back to the 8th century BCE (see history below). Located on the toe of the Italian boot, it's the capital of the province of Reggio Calabria and the headquarters of the Regional Council of Calabria. The city proper has about 200,000 inhabitants, but the population of the urban area is more.

Main face of the Cathedral of Reggio Calabria.
Map of Italy showing Reggio Calabria in the south

Geography

Reggio di Calabria is located on the boot toe of Italy, across from the island of Sicily. The latitude and longitude of Reggio di Calabria are: coordinates 38°6′N 15°39′E. The area has been subjected to several earthquakes and tsunami waves, over the centuries.

History

Founded as Rhegion by Greek settlers in the 8th century BCE, the city was devastated by several major earthquakes and associated tsunami. During the Roman Empire it was called Rhegium Julium as a noble Roman city. Later Reggio di Calabria became a Byzantine city, and in the 12th century, it became part of the Kingdom of Sicily, and then in the 13th century, it became part of the Kingdom of Naples.

Reggio Calabria is known as the location of the first dated Hebrew book, a Rashi commentary on the Pentateuch, printed in 1475; however, scholars consider Rome as the city where Hebrew printing began. For Reggio di Calabria, the worst earthquakes came in 1783 and on December 28, 1908.


Culture

Reggio Calabria was the hometown of Gianni Versace, where his family were tailors.

See also


External links