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Macau Grand Prix

Macau Grand Prix


The Macau Grand Prix is a motor-racing event held annually in November in the streets of Macau. It is known for being the only street circuit racing event in which both car and motorcycle races are held. Every year more than three hundred racing drivers and riders gather for the annual event.

One of the highlights of the race weekend is the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix, which features many national Formula 3 champions and drivers around the world. Due to the challenging nature of the circuit, which consists of fast straights (a Formula 3 car can reach a top speed of 260mph at the end of this stretch), tight corners and uncompromising crash barriers, the Macau Grand Prix is famously known as one of the most demanding circuits in the world. Many current or former Formula One drivers have participated in the event early in their careers and some of them have won the prestigious prize. Famous winners include Ayrton Senna, Michael Schumacher, David Coulthard, Ralf Schumacher, Takuma Sato and Riccardo Patrese.

Since 2005, the double-header Guia Race, which traditionally features touring cars from world-renowned car manufacturers, has officially become the final two races of the FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC).


History

The Macau Grand Prix was originally conceived in 1954 as a treasure hunt around the streets of the city, but shortly after it was suggested that the hunt's track could host an amateur racing event for local motor enthusiasts. The race continued as an amateur race until 1966, when Belgian driver Mauro Bianchi entered the race with a car by Renault Sport, mostly to promote Renault's image in Hong Kong. This led to more and more professional teams entering the Grand Prix.

The motorcycle race was introduced in 1967, and in that year the first fatal tragedy struck the race: double champion Dodjie Laurel was killed when he lost control of his car and crashed. This raised the alarm for more safety improvements for the race.

The first Guia race for touring cars was held in 1972. Macau's Guia Race for touring cars is a particular race for this category, as very few races with these cars are held on street circuits. Since 2005 the race has officially become the final two rounds of FIA World Touring Car Championship.

In 1983, it was decided by the organisers that since Formula Atlantic was becoming obsolete, the race would be held as a Formula 3 event. Initially, they wanted to run a F2 race, but as they were unwilling to make any large circuit modifications, which included cutting down trees, the organisers settled for F3. This turned out to be a right decision, given the fact that since then it has raised the reputation of the event in the motorsport world by attracting the best young drivers from Europe and Japan to compete in the event. The first F3 race was won by a young Ayrton Senna. The race in 1990 was a memorable one, as Michael Schumacher and Mika Häkkinen were involved in a controversial incident when they were in positions 1 and 2 going into the final lap. At the main straight just after the Mandarin Oriental Bend, Häkkinen hit the back of Schumacher's car and crashed out when he attempted to overtake Schumacher. Schumacher's car was able to continue with its rear wing damaged and eventually won the race with the best aggregate time. Other notable winners include Formula One drivers David Coulthard, Ralf Schumacher and Takuma Sato. Since the introduction of F3 races, the Macau GP has gradually become a stepping stone for many F3 drivers to higher class motor-racing competitions such as the GP2 series and Formula 1.

Macau is a special event for motorcycle riders too. The Motorcycle Grand Prix has featured many famous riders such as Kevin Schwantz, Carl Fogarty, Ron Haslam and Michael Rutter.

Teddy Yip was one of the main forces behind the Macau Grand Prix back in '70s and 80s, leading the Grand Prix to be one of the world's most famous motor racing events. The Macau Grand Prix parties he hosted for many years at his home also became a central part of the social aspect of the Grand Prix.


Today

The Macau Grand Prix race weekend normally starts on a Thursday and ends on a Sunday on the second or third week of November. The first two days (Thursday and Friday) are generally scheduled for practicing and qualifying. All races are held on Saturday and Sunday, with the final rounds of the heavyweights Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix and the Guia Race (scheduled to be the final 2 rounds of the FIA World Touring Car Championship since 2005) held on the last day. Both the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix and the Guia Race are sanctioned by the FIA and the winner of the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix is awarded the FIA Intercontinental Cup. Apart from the two major races held at the race weekend, the Macau Motorcycle Grand Prix is also one of the highlights of the weekend since it features former or current racers of the Superbike World Championship. Other races include the Formula BMW Pacific race, and for locals and Hong Kong drivers who want a slice of the action, Interport Race for novices, CTM Cup race the experienced.

Newly introduced into the 2008 race is the Road Sport Challenge for popular sport compact cars commonly associated with the tuner market, Macau GT Cup for GT3 cars.

Races that have been held in the past but have since been discountinued includes the ATCS race, Supercar Cup for road going exotic sports cars, the Formula V6 Asia race, the Porsche Carrera Cup Asia race, the scooter race for locals and in the past but on an less than frequent basis, a Jackie Chan endorsed race for celebrity drivers involving Mitsubishis, in which Chan hold a sponsorship deal with.


The Guia Circuit

Characteristics: A street circuit with a combination of fast straights and tight corners. It is recognised as one of the most challenging circuits in the world.


Winners

Year GP Winner Chassis - Engine Rules Guia TC Winner Car MC GP Winner Bike
1954 Hong Kong Eddie Carvalho Triumph TR2 Sports car
1955 Hong Kong Robert Ritchie Austin-Healey 100 Sports car
1956 Hong Kong Doug Steane Mercedes-Benz 190SL Sports car
1957 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Arthur Pateman Mercedes-Benz 300SL Sports car
1958 22px-Flag of Singapore.svg.png Chan Lye Choun Aston Martin DB3S Sports car
1959 Hong Kong Ron Hardwick Jaguar XKSS Sports car
1960 Hong Kong Martin Redfern Jaguar XKSS Sports car
1961 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Peter Heath Lotus 15-Climax Formula Libre
1962 22px-Flag of the Philippines.svg.png Arsenio Laurel Lotus 22-Ford Formula Libre
1963 22px-Flag of the Philippines.svg.png Arsenio Laurel Lotus 22-Ford Formula Libre
1964 Hong Kong Albert Poon Lotus 23-Ford Formula Libre
1965 Hong Kong John MacDonald Lotus 18-Ford Formula Libre
1966 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Mauro Bianchi Alpine-Renault T66 Formula Libre
1967 22px-Flag of Malaysia.png Tony Maw Lotus 20B-Ford Formula Libre 22px-Flag of Japan.png Hiroshi Hasegawa Yamaha
1968 22px-Flag of Singapore.svg.png Jan Bussell McLaren M4C Formula Libre 22px-Flag of Japan.png Hiroshi Hasegawa Yamaha
1969 22px-Flag of Australia.svg.png Kevin Bartlett Mildren-Waggott Formula Libre Hong Kong John MacDonald Yamaha
1970 22px-Flag of Austria.png Dieter Quester BMW F270 Formula Libre 22px-Flag of India.png Benny Hidajat Yamaha
1971 22px-Flag of Singapore.svg.png Jan Bussell McLaren M4C Formula Libre 22px-Flag of Japan.png O. Motohashi Yamaha
1972 Hong Kong John MacDonald Brabham BT36 Formula Libre Hong Kong John MacDonald Mini Cooper 22px-Flag of Japan.png Ikujiro Takai Yamaha
1973 Hong Kong John MacDonald Brabham BT40 Formula Libre Hong Kong Peter Chow Toyota Celica 22px-Flag of Japan.png Ken Araoka Suzuki
1974 22px-Flag of Australia.svg.png Vern Schuppan March 72B-Ford Formula Pacific 22px-Flag of Japan.png Nobuhide Tachi Toyota Celica 22px-Flag of Japan.png Hiroyuki Kawasaki Yamaha
1975 Hong Kong John MacDonald Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific 22px-Flag of Japan.png Nobuhide Tachi Toyota Celica 22px-Flag of Japan.png Hideo Kanaya Yamaha
1976 22px-Flag of Australia.svg.png Vern Schuppan Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific Hong Kong Herb Adamczyk Porsche 911 Carrera RS 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Chas Mortimer Yamaha
1977 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Riccardo Patrese Chevron B40-Ford Formula Pacific Hong Kong Peter Chow Toyota Celica 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Mick Grant Kawasaki
1978 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Riccardo Patrese Chevron B42-Ford Formula Pacific Hong Kong Peter Chow Toyota Celica 22px-Flag of Japan.png Sadao Asami Yamaha
1979 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Geoff Lees Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific Hong Kong Herb Adamczyk Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 22px-Flag of Japan.png Sadao Asami Yamaha
1980 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Geoff Lees Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific 22px-Flag of Germany.png Hans-Joachim Stuck BMW 320i 22px-Flag of Japan.png Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1981 22px-Flag of the United States.png Bob Earl Hayashi 200P-Toyota Formula Pacific 22px-Flag of Germany.png Manfred Winkelhock BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Ron Haslam Honda RS1123
1982 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Roberto Moreno Ralt RT4-Ford Formula Pacific Hong Kong Helmut Greiner Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Ron Haslam Honda RS1123
Year F3 GP Winner F3 Chassis - Engine Driver's F3 Championship Guia TC Winner Car MC GP Winner Bike
1983 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Ayrton Senna Ralt RT3-Toyota 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 22px-Flag of Germany.png Hans-Joachim Stuck BMW 635 CSI 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Ron Haslam Honda NS500
1984 22px-Flag of Denmark.svg.png John Nielsen Ralt RT3-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of Germany.png German F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Tom Walkinshaw Jaguar XJS 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Mick Grant Suzuki RGB500
1985 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Mauricio Gugelmin Ralt RT30-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Gianfranco Brancatelli Volvo 240 Turbo 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Ron Haslam Honda RS500
1986 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Andy Wallace Reynard 863-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 22px-Flag of Venezuela.svg.png Johnny Cecotto Volvo 240 Turbo 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Ron Haslam Elf Honda 500
1987 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Martin Donnelly Ralt RT31-Toyota 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Roberto Ravaglia BMW M3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Ron Haslam Roc Elf Honda 4
1988 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Enrico Bertaggia Dallara 388-Alfa Romeo 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Italian F3 22px-Flag of Germany.png Altfrid Heger BMW M3 22px-Flag of the United States.png Kevin Schwantz Suzuki RGV500
1989 22px-Flag of Australia.svg.png David Brabham Ralt RT33-Volkswagen/Spiess 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Tim Harvey Ford Sierra RS500 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Robert Dunlop Honda RC30
1990 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Schumacher Reynard 903-Volkswagen/Spiess 22px-Flag of Germany.png German F3 22px-Flag of Japan.png Masahiro Hasemi Nissan Skyline GT-R 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Steve Hislop Honda RC30
1991 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png David Coulthard Ralt RT35-Honda/Mugen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Emanuele Pirro BMW M3 Evolution 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Didier de Radiguès Suzuki RGV500
1992 22px-Flag of Sweden.svg.png Rickard Rydell TOM'S 032F-Toyota 22px-Flag of Japan.png Japanese F3 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Emanuele Pirro BMW M3 Evolution 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Carl Fogarty HarrisYamaha 500
1993 22px-Flag of Germany.png Jörg Müller Dallara 393-Fiat/Novamotor 22px-Flag of Germany.png German F3 HKG Charles Kwan BMW M3 Evolution 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Steve Hislop ROC Yamaha 500
1994 22px-Flag of Germany.png Sascha Maassen Dallara F394-Opel/Spiess 22px-Flag of Germany.png German F3 22px-Flag of Germany.png Joachim Winkelhock BMW 318is 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Steve Hislop Harris Yamaha 500
1995 22px-Flag of Germany.png Ralf Schumacher Dallara F394-Opel/Spiess 22px-Flag of Germany.png German F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Kelvin Burt Toyota Corona EXIV 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Mike Edwards ROC Yamaha 500
1996 22px-Flag of Ireland.png Ralph Firman Dallara F396-Honda/Mugen-NBE 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 22px-Flag of Germany.png Frank Biela Audi A4 Quattro 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Phillip McCallen Yamaha 500
1997 22px-Flag of France.png Soheil Ayari Dallara F396-Opel/Spiess None 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Steve Soper BMW 320i 20px-Flag of Switzerland.png Andreas Hofmann Kawasaki ZXR-7
1998 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Peter Dumbreck Dallara F398-Toyota/TOM'S 22px-Flag of Japan.png Japanese F3 22px-Flag of Germany.png Joachim Winkelhock BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Michael Rutter Honda RVF750 RC45
1999 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Darren Manning Dallara F399-Toyota/TOM'S 22px-Flag of Japan.png Japanese F3 22px-Flag of Germany.png Michael Bartels Audi A4 Quattro 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png David Jefferies Yamaha YZF-R1
2000 22px-Flag of Macau.svg.png André Couto Dallara F399-Opel/Spiess None 22px-Flag of the Netherlands.png Patrick Huisman BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Michael Rutter Yamaha YZF-R1
2001 22px-Flag of Japan.png Takuma Sato Dallara F301-Honda/Mugen-NBE 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 22px-Flag of the Netherlands.png Duncan Huisman BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png John McGuinness Honda CBR954RR
2002 22px-Flag of France.png Tristan Gommendy Dallara F302-Renault/Sodemo 22px-Flag of France.png French F3 22px-Flag of the Netherlands.png Duncan Huisman BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Michael Rutter Ducati 998
2003 22px-Flag of France.png Nicolas Lapierre Dallara F302-Renault/Sodemo Flag of Europe.png F3 Euroseries 22px-Flag of the Netherlands.png Duncan Huisman BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Michael Rutter Ducati 998
2004 22px-Flag of France.png Alexandre Prémat Dallara F304-Mercedes/HWA Flag of Europe.png F3 Euroseries 22px-Flag of Germany.png Jörg Müller BMW 320i 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2005 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Lucas Di Grassi Dallara F304-Mercedes/HWA Flag of Europe.png F3 Euroseries 22px-Flag of Brazil.png Augusto Farfus Jr. Alfa Romeo 156 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
22px-Flag of the Netherlands.pngDuncan Huisman BMW 320i
2006 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Mike Conway Dallara F306-Mercedes/HWA 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Andy Priaulx BMW 320si 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Steve Plater Yamaha YZF-R1
22px-Flag of Germany.png Jörg Müller BMW 320si
2007 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Oliver Jarvis Dallara F307-Toyota/TOM'S 22px-Flag of Japan.png Japanese F3 20px-Flag of Switzerland.png Alain Menu Chevrolet Lacetti 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Steve Plater Yamaha YZF-R1
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Andy Priaulx BMW 320si
2008 22px-Flag of Japan.png Keisuke Kunimoto Dallara F308-Toyota/TOM'S 22px-Flag of Japan.png Japanese F3 20px-Flag of Switzerland.png Alain Menu Chevrolet Lacetti 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Stuart Easton Honda CBR1000RR
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Robert Huff Chevrolet Lacetti


Notable participants

Multiple winners

  • John MacDonald Only person who won all international races of Macau; Macau Grand Prix (1965, 1972, 1973 and 1975), Macau Motorcycle Grand Prix (1969) and Guia Race (1972).
  • Jörg Müller 1993 Macau F3 winner; 2004 & 2006 Guia Race winner

Other famous GP participants

1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s

Trivia

  • Arsenio Laurel, the first two-time consecutive GP champion, was also the first casualty of the Macau GP when his car lost control and crashed on the wall. A bust of his likeness is on display at the Macau GP Museum.
  • The Guia Circuit is featured in PC games 'RACE - The Official WTCC Game' and 'RACE 07 - The Official WTCC Game' from SimBin Studios.
  • Albert and Diana Poon both started in the 1976 Macau Grand Prix. The only couple race the same race in the Macau Grand Prix history.<ref>Colour and Noise, 40 years of the Macau Grand Prix. by Philip Newsome. 1993. ISBN 9627460052</ref>
  • 19 out of 22 Formula One drivers in 2007 had previously participated in the Macau F3 GP.
  • The Guia Circuit was the setting for the motorcycle race in the 1989 Hong Kong movie All About Ah Long.
  • Gerhard Berger considered the 1983 Macau Grand Prix the race of his life
  • Due to its narrow nature and subsequent accidents in the Lisboa Corner, Emmanuel Pirro tried some laps in the opposite direction in 1989
  • The F3 race once attracted active F1 drivers; Rene Arnoux competed in 1985, Ivan Capelli and Pierluigi Martini in 1986 and Julian Bailey in 1989
  • In 1993, notorious Triad leader and competitor, Andely Chan, nicknamed "Tiger of Wan Chai" and was the leader of Sun Yee On gang, was shot dead with one of his mechanic in a gang hit at the parking lot of his hotel in the late night, several hours after he was disqualified of his second place of a race for local drivers, after illegal modification was discovered in his car.

See also


External links