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Giro d'Italia

Giro d'Italia logo.png
Tour of Italy
Local name Giro d'Italia
Region Italy
Date May, sometimes until early June
Type Stage Race (Great Tour)
History
First Edition 1909
Editions 88
First Winner Luigi Ganna 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif
Most Recent Paolo Savoldelli 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif
Most Wins Alfredo Binda 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif, Fausto Coppi 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif and Eddy Merckx 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png, 5 times


The Giro d'Italia (Tour of Italy), also simply known as The Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May/early June in and around Italy. It is one of the three Grand Tours, and is part of the UCI World Ranking calendar. The most recent winner (2009) is Denis Menchov.

History

The Giro was inspired by the Tour de France and, just as the French race was intended to boost circulation of L'Auto, so Emilio Camillo Costamagna, the editor of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper, aimed to increase his circulation. The first Giro d'Italia started on May 13, 1909 at Milan with eight stages totalling 2,448 kilometres (1,521 miles). Luigi Ganna was the first winner.

Along with the Tour de France and the World Cycling Championship, the Giro d'Italia makes up the Triple Crown of Cycling. Along with the Tour de France and the Vuelta a España it is one of the three Grand Tours.

Jerseys

Whereas the overall leader of the Tour de France is awarded a yellow jersey (originally to correspond with L'Auto 's yellow pages), since 1931 the overall leader in the Giro sports the maglia rosa (pink jersey), which corresponds with newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport 's pink newsprint. The "King of the Mountains" wears the maglia verde (green jersey). The leader of the points classification wears the maglia ciclamino (mauve jersey), the best young rider wears the maglia bianca (white jersey).

The maglia rosa from the 88th edition of the race in 2005.

Italian Felice Gimondi holds the record for the most podium finishes: nine in total, consisting of three victories, two second places and four third place finishes.

Most wins

The following riders have won the most final jerseys:

Overall (maglia rosa)

The maglia rosa, or pink jersey, is worn each day by the cyclist with the fastest overall time up to that point of the Giro. The rider wearing the jersey may change from day to day, but given the glory and extra exposure for the team, individual and sponsor of the rider who holds the jersey, teams often make extra efforts to keep the jersey on the race leader form day to day. In fact, each team brings several pink jerseys to the race in case one of their riders becomes the leader. The cyclist with the lowest time at the end of the Giro's last stage wins the Giro. This is similar to the Yellow jersey, Maillot Jaune, used in the Tour de France.

King of the mountains (maglia verde)

During mountain stages of the race, points are awarded to the rider who is first to reach the top of each significant climb. Points are also awarded for riders who closely follow the leader up each climb. The number of points awarded varies according to the hill classification, which is determined by the steepness and length of that particular hill. The green jersey is worn by the rider who, at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of climbing points. If a rider holds both the pink and green jerseys, the green jersey is worn by the rider in second place. At the end of the giro, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the climbing competition. In fact, some riders, particularly those who are neither sprinters nor particularly good at time-trialing, may attempt only to win this particular competition within the race. This is the same as the Polka dot jersey of the Tour de France. In 2008 it was won by Emanuele Sella.

Climbs rated "hors catégorie" (HC): 20, 18, 16, 14, 12, 10, 8, 7, 6 and 5.

Category 1: 15, 13, 11, 9, 8, 7, 6 and 5.

Category 2: 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, and 5.

Category 3: 4, 3, 2 and 1.

Category 4: 3, 2 and 1.

For the last climb of a stage, points are doubled for HC and categories one and two.

Points Competition (maglia ciclamino)

Points are given to the rider who is first to reach the end of, or determined places during, any stage of the giro. The number of points given, vary accordingly to how hard the stage is, determined by the length and number of hills, size of hills etc. in that particular stage. Points are also given to the first following riders, how many varies. The jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of points. The rider whom at the end of the giro, holds the most points, wins the points competition. This competition is most often won by specialized sprinters who seldom have a chance in the overall competition. This is the same as the green jersey, maillot vert, of the Tour de France. The 2008 winner was Daniele Bennati.

Plainstage.pngFlat stages
35, 30, 26, 24, 22, 20, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 points are awarded to the first 25 riders across the finish.
Mediummountainstage.pngMedium-mountain stages
25, 22, 20, 18, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points are awarded to the first 20 riders across the finish.
Mountainstage.pngHigh-mountain stages
20, 17, 15, 13, 12, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points are awarded to the first 15 riders across the finish.
History.jpgTime-trials
15, 12, 10, 8, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points are awarded to the top 10 finishers of the stage.

In addition, stages can have one or more intermediate sprints: 6, 4, and 2 points are awarded to the first three cyclists passing these lines.

Youth Competition (maglia bianca)

The youth competition is a competition within the giro, celebrating young riders. The white jersey is given to the rider under the age of 25 who gets the highest ranking in the general classification. In 2008 it was won by Riccardo Riccò.


List of overall winners

Giro Year Winner Nationality Team
92 2009 Denis Menchov 22px-Flag of Russia.png Rabobank
91 2008 Alberto Contador 22px-Flag of Spain.png Astana
90 2007 Danilo Di Luca 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Liquigas
89 2006 Ivan Basso 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Team CSC
88 2005 Paolo Savoldelli (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Discovery Channel
87 2004 Damiano Cunego 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Saeco
86 2003 Gilberto Simoni (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Saeco
85 2002 Paolo Savoldelli 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Index-Alexia
84 2001 Gilberto Simoni 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Lampre-Daikin
83 2000 Stefano Garzelli 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Mercatone Uno
82 1999 Ivan Gotti (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Polti
81 1998 Marco Pantani 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Mercatone Uno
80 1997 Ivan Gotti 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Saeco
79 1996 Pavel Tonkov 22px-Flag of Russia.png Ceramiche Panaria-Vinavil
78 1995 Tony Rominger 17px-Flag of Switzerland.png Mapei-GB
77 1994 Eugeni Berzin 22px-Flag of Russia.png Gewiss-Ballan
76 1993 Miguel Indurain (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Spain.png Banesto
75 1992 Miguel Indurain 22px-Flag of Spain.png Banesto
74 1991 Franco Chioccioli 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif del Tongo
73 1990 Gianni Bugno 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Chateau d'Ax
72 1989 Laurent Fignon 22px-Flag of France.png Super U-Raleigh-Fiat
71 1988 Andrew Hampsten 22px-Flag of the United States.png 7-Eleven
70 1987 Stephen Roche 22px-Flag of Ireland.png Carrera-Vagabond
69 1986 Roberto Visentini 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Carrera-Inoxpran
68 1985 Bernard Hinault (3rd win) 22px-Flag of France.png La Vie Claire
67 1984 Francesco Moser 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Gis-Tuc Lu
66 1983 Giuseppe Saronni (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Del Tongo
65 1982 Bernard Hinault (2nd win) 22px-Flag of France.png Renault-Elf-Gitane
64 1981 Giovanni Battaglin 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Inoxpran
63 1980 Bernard Hinault 22px-Flag of France.png Renault-Elf-Gitane
62 1979 Giuseppe Saronni 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Scic
61 1978 Johan de Muynck 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Bianchi-Faema
60 1977 Michel Pollentier 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Flandria-Velda
59 1976 Felice Gimondi (3rd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Bianchi-Campagnolo
58 1975 Fausto Bertoglio 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Jollyceramica
57 1974 Eddy Merckx (5th win) 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Molteni
56 1973 Eddy Merckx (4th win) 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Molteni
55 1972 Eddy Merckx (3rd win) 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Molteni
54 1971 Gösta Pettersson 17px-Flag of Switzerland.png Ferretti
53 1970 Eddy Merckx (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Faema
52 1969 Felice Gimondi (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Faema
51 1968 Eddy Merckx 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png Faema
50 1967 Felice Gimondi 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Salvarani
49 1966 Gianni Motta 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Molteni
48 1965 Vittorio Adorni 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Salvarani
47 1964 Jacques Anquetil (2nd win) 22px-Flag of France.png St.Raphael
46 1963 Franco Balmamion (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Carpano
45 1962 Franco Balmamion 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Carpano
44 1961 Arnaldo Pambianco 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Fides
43 1960 Jacques Anquetil 22px-Flag of France.png Fynsec
42 1959 Charly Gaul (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Luxembourg.png Emi G. S.
41 1958 Ercole Baldini 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Legnano
40 1957 Gastone Nencini 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Chlorodont
39 1956 Charly Gaul 22px-Flag of Luxembourg.png Faema-Guerra
38 1955 Fiorenzo Magni (3rd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Nivea-Fuchs
37 1954 Carlo Clerici 17px-Flag of Switzerland.png Faema-Guerra
36 1953 Fausto Coppi (5th win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Bianchi-Pirelli
35 1952 Fausto Coppi (4th win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Bianchi-Pirelli
34 1951 Fiorenzo Magni (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Ganna
33 1950 Hugo Koblet 17px-Flag of Switzerland.png Guerra
32 1949 Fausto Coppi (3th win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Bianchi-Ursus
31 1948 Fiorenzo Magni 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Willier Triestina
30 1947 Fausto Coppi (2nd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Bianchi
29 1946 Gino Bartali (3rd win) 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Legnano
1941 to 1945: suspended because of World War II
28 1940 Fausto Coppi 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
27 1939 Giovanni Valetti (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy France Sport-Wobler
26 1938 Giovanni Valetti 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Fresjus
25 1937 Gino Bartali (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
24 1936 Gino Bartali 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
23 1935 Vasco Bergamaschi 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Maino-Girardengo
22 1934 Learco Guerra 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Maino-Clement
21 1933 Alfredo Binda (5th win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
20 1932 Antonio Pesenti 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Dei
19 1931 Francesco Camusso 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Gloria
18 1930 Luigi Marchisio 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
17 1929 Alfredo Binda (4th win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
16 1928 Alfredo Binda (3rd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
15 1927 Alfredo Binda (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
14 1926 Giovanni Brunero (3rd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
13 1925 Alfredo Binda 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
12 1924 Giuseppe Enrici 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy
11 1923 Costante Girardengo (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Maino
10 1922 Giovanni Brunero (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
9 1921 Giovanni Brunero 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Legnano
8 1920 Gaetano Belloni 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Bianchi
7 1919 Costante Girardengo 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Stucchi
1915 to 1918: suspended because of World War I
6 1914 Alfonso Calzolari 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Stucchi
5 1913 Carlo Oriani 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Maino
4 1912 Team Atala: Carlo Galetti (3rd win),
Giovanni Micheletto,
Eberardo Pavesi
22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Team Atala
3 1911 Carlo Galetti (2nd win) 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Bianchi
2 1910 Carlo Galetti 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Team Atala
1 1909 Luigi Ganna 22px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946).png Italy Italy


Victories per country

Rank Country Victories
1 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 65
2 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png 7
3 22px-Flag of France.png 6
4 17px-Flag of Switzerland.png 3
22px-Flag of Spain.png 3
22px-Flag of Russia.png 3
7 22px-Flag of Luxembourg.png 2
8 22px-Flag of Ireland.png 1
22px-Flag of the United States.png 1
17px-Flag of Switzerland.png 1


Giro d'Italia stage victories

Rank Name Country Wins
1 Mario Cipollini 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 42
2 Alfredo Binda 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 41
3 Learco Guerra 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 31
4 Costante Girardengo 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 30
5 Eddy Merckx 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png 25
6 Alessandro Petacchi 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 24
Giuseppe Saronni 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 24
8 Francesco Moser 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 23
9 Fausto Coppi 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 22
Roger De Vlaeminck 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil).png 22
11 Franco Bitossi 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 21
12 Giuseppe Olmo 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif 20
Miguel Poblet 22px-Flag of Spain.png 20


See also

External links