Luca Cordero di Montezemolo
Born in Bologna, di Montezemolo studied at the University of Rome La Sapienza, earning a law degree in 1971, and went on to Columbia University in New York to earn a masters degree in international affairs in 1973. He drove briefly for the Lancia rally team, but upon graduating went to work for FIAT. In 1973, FIAT moved him to Ferrari, where he promptly became Enzo Ferrari's assistant and, in 1974, manager of the Scuderia. In 1975 di Montezemolo was promoted out of Ferrari to be head of all FIAT racing activities, and in 1977 he advanced to become a senior manager of FIAT.
Throughout the 1980s, di Montezemolo occupied a number of positions in the FIAT empire, including managing director of the Cinzano drinks company and director of the Itedi publishing company. In 1984 he managed the entry of the Azzurra yacht in the America's Cup, the first Italian yacht to enter the event. In 1985, he became manager of the committee which planned and put on the 1990 World Cup Italia.
In 1991, FIAT chairman Gianni Agnelli made di Montezemolo president of Ferrari, which had been struggling since Enzo Ferrari's death; di Montezemolo made it his personal goal to win the Formula One World Constructors Championship once again. During the 1990s di Montezemolo resurrected the Ferrari road car business from heavy debts into solid profit. He also took on the presidency of Maserati when FIAT acquired it in 1997.
On May 27, 2004, di Montezemolo became president of Italian business lobby Confindustria; days later, following the death of Umberto Agnelli on May 28, he was named chairman of FIAT, Ferrari's mother company. He is also president of FIEG (Federazione Italiana Editori Giornali) and vice-president of the Bologna Football Club.
Montezemolo became involved in the controversy surrounding the 2005 United States Grand Prix when, on June 23, 2005, he condemned the FIA's requirement that a single set of tyres must last the full length of a race, blaming the circumstances which caused the disastrous race on the new rule rather than on Michelin, with whom Ferrari had formerly done business.