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Lancia D50

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1954-type Lancia D50
Lancia D50/Ferrari D50
Category Formula One
F1 car Y
Constructor Lancia
Designer Vittorio Jano
Team Scuderia Lancia
Scuderia Ferrari
Drivers 3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Alberto Ascari
3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Luigi Villoresi
3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Eugenio Castellotti
22px-Flag of Argentina.svg.png Juan Manuel Fangio
3dflagsdotcom italy2bs.gif Luigi Musso
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom.png Peter Collins
22px-Flag of Spain.svg.png Alfonso de Portago
Chassis Tubular spaceframe, with stressed engine.
Front suspension Unequal length, tubular double wishbone, with transverse leaf spring and inboard dampers.
Rear suspension De Dion tube, with transverse leaf spring and inboard dampers.
Wheelbase 2280mm
Track F: 1294mm
R: 1330mm
Engine name Lancia DS50
Capacity 2488cc
Configuration 90° V8.
Turbo/NA Naturally aspirated,
Engine position front-mounted.
1954: 260bhp.
1955/6: 285bhp.
Gearbox name Lancia
Gears 5-speed
Type manual
Differential transaxle.
Weight 620kg
Fuel Shell
Tyres Pirelli/Englebert
Debut 1954 Spanish Grand Prix
Races 14
Lancia: 4
Ferrari: 10
Wins 5
0
5
Cons champ
Drivers champ 1 (1956: Fangio)
Poles 8
2
6
Fastest laps 5
1
4


The Lancia D50 was a Formula One racing car designed by Vittorio Jano for Lancia in 1954. The car's design made use of many innovative features, such as the use of the engine as a stressed chassis member, the off-centre positioning of the engine to allow a lower overall height, and pannier fuel cells for better weight distribution and aerodynamics. Six of the cars were built, two of them are displayed in Italian museums.

The D50 made its race debut toward the end of the 1954 Formula One season in the hands of two-time and reigning World Champion, Italian driver Alberto Ascari. In its very first event Ascari took both pole position in qualifying and fastest race lap, although his car's clutch failed after only ten laps. Following Ascari's death, and in increasing financial trouble, the Lancia family sold their controlling share in the Lancia company, and the assets of Scuderia Lancia were given to Scuderia Ferrari. Ferrari continued to develop the car, although they removed many of Jano's most innovative designs, and the car was rebadged as the Lancia-Ferrari D50 and later simply the Ferrari D50. Juan Manuel Fangio won the Formula One World Championship in 1956 with this car modified by Ferrari. During their competition lifespan D50s were entered into 14 World Championship Formula One Grands Prix, winning five.

Ferrari 801

The D50s lived on into the 1957 season, much modified as the Ferrari 801 however were largely uncompetitive against the latest generation of Maserati 250Fs.


1954 Lancia D50A Source

Partial Formula One World Championship results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position, results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Points WCC
1954 D50 Lancia DS50 2.5L L8 P ARG 500 BEL FRA GBR GER SWI ITA ESP 0 -*
Alberto Ascari Ret
Luigi Villoresi Ret

* The Constructors' Championship was not awarded until 1958.



External links


LANCIA

1907-1918: Alfa-12HP · Alfa-24HP · Dialfa-18HP · Beta-15/20HP · Delta-20/30HP · Epsilon · Eta-30/50HP · Gamma-20HP · Theta-35HP · Zeta-12/15HP
1918-1945: Aprilia · Ardea · Ardennes · Artena · Astura · Augusta · Belna · Dilambda · Kappa · Lambda · Trikappa
1945-1980: Appia · Aurelia · Beta · D20 · D23 · D24 · D25 · D50 · Flaminia · Flavia · Fulvia · Gamma · Montecarlo · Stratos HF
1980-2000: Dedra · Delta · Delta S4 · Kappa · LC1 · LC2 · Lybra · Prisma · Thema · Trevi · Y10 · Ypsilon · Zeta · 037 (Group B)
Current models: Musa · Phedra · Thesis · Ypsilon
Concept models: Marcia · Medusa · Megagamma · Orca · Sibilo


Vincenzo Lancia · Corporate website · A brand of the Fiat group


1940–1980 Lancia Post War
« Previous Lancia Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of the Fiat S.p.A. since 1969, car timeline, 1940–1980 -- Lancia Post War Next »
Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Family car ... Ardea Appia Fulvia
... Aprilia Beta / Trevi (828)
Executive car Flavia 2000 Gamma (830)
Coupé Fulvia Coupé/Sport
Beta Coupé/Spider/ Montecarlo (828)
Aurelia Flaminia Gamma Coupé/GT (830)
Sports car Stratos
Racing car D23/D24 D50


Cars that competed in the 1954 FIA World Championship (ex. Indianapolis 500)
Connaught Type A • Cooper T23 • Cooper T24 • Ferrari 500 • Ferrari 553 • Ferrari 625 • Gordini T16 • HWM • Klenk Meteor • Lancia D50 • Maserati A6GCM • Maserati 250F • Mercedes-Benz W196 • Vanwall Special


<center>Cars that competed in the 1955 Formula One season (ex. Indianapolis 500)
Arzani-Volpini Special • Connaught Type B • Cooper T40 • Ferrari 625 • Ferrari 555 • Ferrari 500 • Ferrari D50 • Gordini T16 • Gordini T32 • HWM • Lancia D50 • Maserati A6GCM • Maserati 250F • Mercedes-Benz W196 • Vanwall


<center>Cars that competed in the 1956 FIA World Championship (ex. Indianapolis 500)
BRM P25 • Bugatti T251 • Connaught Type B • Cooper T23 • Emeryson • Ferrari 500 • Ferrari 555 • Ferrari D50 • Gordini T16 • Gordini T32 • Maserati A6GCM • Maserati 250F • Vanwall