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Lancia Astura

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Loosely translated from Italian

Lancia Astura was a Lancia model produced from 1931 to 1939.


History

Lancia, in the beginnings of the 30's, represented a “new” model from after the large Dilambda (exited in the 1929) while also glorious Lambda concluded its cycle and therefore was replaced. The Dilambda 4 liter V8, while the Lambda, originaly had a fortified 2.1 liters motor, in the last series it exceeded the threshold of the 2 liter. Detention remaining the role - from true flagship - of the Dilambda, is believed therefore to replace the Lambda with two models, much similar between they even if assigns to various customers: on one side Artena, one 4 cylinders to of under of the 2 liters of piston displacement, from the other the Astura, with a 8V of single 2,6 liters. Substantially, the two new creations Nozzle are distinguished for the motor, but various they are also the dimensions of the step (299cm the Artena small, 19cm in more - waves to be able to accommodate the cumbersomest motor 8 cylinders - the greater sister).


History and the Characteristics

1937 Lancia Astura 3Liter.jpg

For the Astura (not more a name greco, therefore, but that one of one historical castle that it finds in the pressed ones of the roman city of Nettuno) studies a motor to 8 cylinders to V (opening 19°), that it is substantially a motor “simplified and reduced Dilambda” of piston displacement, than is of single 2606 cmc and catches up one here potenza of HP to 4000 turns. To part the block cylinders in cast iron, the triple chain of distribution and the filter self-cleaning oil, the characteristic of the saliente motor is given from the head, that particular one has a conformation much, in two pieces, with an inferior part (in cast iron) containing the valves and a advanced part (in aluminum) with the bilanceri and the relative starter shaft (the axis to cams centers them wheel between the two heads).

Also the system of cooling of the motor (to water) is that one of the Artena, with thermostatic control of the parzializzatrice action. Also in the Astura it comes adopted the system of cetralized lubrication. Abandoned the carrying auto body typical of the Lambda, the Astura (as of the rest the smaller sister Artena) has a chassis in which the structure of base in two box-shielded vertical sections, I reinforce to “X”, and leggermente convergent spars front: two longitudinal round tubes, than dipartono from a crosspiece of I reinforce myself, are integrated then with the extremities of the spars.

Compound the system of sospensioni adopted: front we find the classic outline Nozzle (even if this time lacking in reinforces oblique, than on the Lambda they connected the frame of the radiator with the cylinders of suspension, not more necessary for via of the greater achieved rigidity), while to the retrotreno there is a normal rigid bridge with ammortizzatore|ammortizzatori the semielliptic crossbows and [[]] (Siata) to clutch.

Fed by means of a carburetor Zenith to double body, the Astura has a remarkable brio of march thanks to an optimal relationship weight/power which had to the weight of the chassis, that Kg turns out contained within ton (960): also the version sedan hung Nozzle hardly 1,250 kilograms. The maximum speed is placed around i 125 km. hour

Produced with one pregevole auto body sedan (to 4 lights and 4-5 places or to 6 lights and 6-7 places) realized from the same house, the Astura will be but the “Queen” of the specially built ones of those years: nearly all the Italian carriage makers and many foreign carriage makers of it will realize pregevoli editions. Between the more famous names we cite: Bertone, Boneschi, Borsani, Brianza, Chestnut, Necks, Garavini, Ghia, Pininfarina, Plants Flour, Touring, Viotti and, between the aliens, Weinberger & Buhne, John Charles, Abbott, Kevill Davies & March.

Introduced for before the time to Salone of Paris in the October of 1931, the Astura endures, after approximately a year, some modifications of detail (second series), then, in the 1933, with the third series, the variations makes more consisting: the chassis sdoppia (in the sense that comes made available two various measures of step) the motor comes increasing in piston displacement (from 2,6 to 3 liters) and in power (a ten of HP in more) and also the impianto refraining it endures several improvements. Other modifications of relief - in particular to the chassis - are had in 1937 with the advent of the quarter series, than of fact it takes the place of the Dilambda (by now disappeared from the lists) and whose chassis often comes used in order to accommodate auto bodies of Ministerial type (Boneschi and Pininfarina the authors of great part of these auto bodies, sometimes monumental).

L' Astura and Racing

But the Astura is not only beautiful and lussuose: some are defended with honor also in race Between turn out you of greater relief, have 10° the absolute place (with Victoria in the class beyond 2000 of the category tourism) to the Thousand Miles of it open them 1934, with the pilots Carl Pintacuda and Mario Nardilli: the same crew will little adjudicate of them - to horse between May and june - the Victoria absolute in 1° the automotive turn of Italy (defined also, in homage to the fascist government, Goblet of Gold of the Of the lictor one), one run massacring in three stages and nearly 6000 kilometers of distance, to beyond 86 hour kilometers of average, to an Alpha Romeo and of the other Astura of the brace composed from Nino Farina (the future first Champion of the World of the history of the Formula One, in the 1950) and from Ernesto Oneto.

The 8 July 1934, a square of 3 Astura comes down in lists to the “10 hours” of Spa (Belgium) and succeeds to reach compact the term of the contest, being occupied the 2°, 3° and 4° place in the class from 2001 to 3000 cmc (to the shoulders of one Bugatti) with the crews Pintacuda/Nardilli, Dickey/Garrey and Gouvion/Guerini.

One more modest Victoria than class arrives in the 1938, to the race in Bolzano-Mendola climb, where the class beyond 1500 cmc was appanage of the Astura di Mario Chiays.

Years after, quite in immediate the post-war period, a special Astura, carrozzata spider and pushed from an unknown motor 8 cylinders to V from 3,5 liters set up to the Nozzle before the war and then not transferred to the series, it comes employed in contest from Kind Franc, that it obtains two beautiful victories in the 1946, to the Circuit of Modena and the Circuit of Luino.

The narration of the vicissitudes sport of the Astura with the narcotic can be concluded class Victoria and according to absolute place obtained from june 1950 along the 14,7 kilometers Lacks in the carried out race to the 11 Sassari the climb that give Scale of Giocca lead to Osi it: in that contest, it is also secondary, Manca has been only struck from Fiat 1100 “sport” and, for the report, the best one of the Aprilia has preceded of 1” 8/10, of 1 minute before Fiat the 1100 Tourism and of 1' 17” before Fiat 1500. Also the new Fiat 1400 - here to its first apparition in race - ends to the shoulders of the Astura, detached exactly of 1' 09” and 3/10

Here therefore the table with turns out to you is achieved in the immediate post-war period

Abbreviation “N.D.” means that the data “Not Available”


1946
Given to Naz. Name of the race Turned out Type contest of class Posiz. ass. Pilot or crew Covered (Km) obtained Time Medium (Kmh) Notes
30-giu the Circuit of Modena, YOU run circuit --- 1° ass. classified Cortese Franco 38,400 28' 12” 1/5 81,692 Corsa to the cars Sports of Class oltre1500 cmc
30-giu the Circuit of Modena, Finale Race circuit --- 1° ass. Cortese Franco 48,000 38' 32” 3/5 74.721 Run classified to the cars Sport, “handicap”
4-ago the Circuit of Luino circuit 1° Class beyond 1100 Sports 1° ass. Cortese Franco 49,500 35' 36” 1/5 83,419 Run classified to the cars Sport
15-set I Circuit of Arrogant the street circuit 3° Class beyond 1500 Sports 6° ass. Borelli classified Giuseppe 69,300 40' 08” 2/5 103,587 Corsa to the cars Sports


1948
Given to Naz. Name of the race Turned out Type contest of class Posiz. absolute Pilot or crew Covered (Km) obtained Time Medium (Kmh) Notes
--feb ETH Circuit of Massaua street circuit --- 1° ass Franciosi 76,800 57' 50” 4/5 79,658 Run classified to the cars with cilidrata comprised between 2001 and 3000 cmc
4-lug the Trieste, Launch Kilometer launch km. 3° Class beyond 1500 Tourism N.D. Magris 1,000 N.D. N.D. ---
--nov ETH Run of the Asmara on road 1° Class beyond 2000 3° ass. Strazza G. 10,800 9' 13” 1/5 70.281 ---


1949
Given to Naz. Name of the race Turned out Type contest of class Posiz. absolute Pilot or crew Covered (Km) obtained Time Medium (Kmh) Notes
--ott ETH Run of the Asmara street circuit 3° Class beyond 2000 N.D. Cifalà N.D. N.D. N.D. ---
2-ott the gone up Quartu-Campuomu --- 1° ass. Manca 20,000 13' 37” 8/10 88.041 Run for Flying of Silver, classified to the cars the Tourism; It lacks one adjudicates the “mixed group” (to a Chevrolet and a Opel) and obtains the better performance of the day, preceding quite fastest of the Aprilia.


1950
Given to Naz. Name of the race Turned out Type contest of class Posiz. absolute Pilot or crew Covered (Km) obtained Time Medium (Kmh) Notes
7-mag ETH Circuit of Taululud (Massaua), III corsa street circuit --- 2° ass. Cifalà 82,065 Cifalà Franco 76,800 56'09 " public square to according to place in III the race
1-giu ETH Circuit of the Asmara street circuit 3° Class beyond 2000 --- Cifalà Franco 114,600 --- ---
Asmara, june 1950: the departure alignment
11-giu the Scale of Giocca-Osilo gone up 1° Class beyond 1100 Sport 2° ass. Manca 14,700 12' 04” 6/10 73,033 Manca it has been only struck from Fiat 1100 “8/10 sport” and has preceded of 1” the best one of the Aprilia, of 1 minute before Fiat the 1100 Tourism and of 1' 17” before Fiat 1500. Also the new detached Fiat 1400 é (exactly of 1' 09” and 3/10)


The Various Series

First series

    • Period of production : from the end of 1931 to the summer of the 1932
    • Models :
      • type 230, autotelaio
      • type 230, car berlina
    • Motor : type 85
    • Progressive Numeration : from 3 to 500
    • Numeration of the chassis : from 30-1001 to 30-1496
    • Produced Units : 496
    • Identity and evolution of the series

The Astura comes officially introduced in before world-wide to Salone of Paris of October 1931. The production begins practically in the' 32 and all the 496 exemplary of the first series come completed in the summer of the same year, when it exits, in mute, the second series

Characteristic techniques Lancia Astura first series
Motor anteriore, longitudinal, monoblock; head in two pieces, with an inferior part (in cast iron) containing the valves and a advanced part (in aluminum) with the bilanceri and the relative starter shaft (the camshaft, centers them, wheel between the two heads); crankshaft on 5 supports; connecting rods in special steel (printed publication) with directly strained antifriction bearing in the big end of connecting rod; pistons in aluminum alloy; block cylinders in cast iron.
Numero and position cilindri 8 to V (19°)
Rolled cmc 2605,75 (bore milimeter 69,85 - run milimeter 85,00)
Distribuzione valvole in head, vertical commant from bilanceri to ice-skate; camshaft in head, centers them, commant from “a silent” chain to seams, to double bending (an external pinion, to oscillating hinge, renders it always stiff)
Rapporto of compressione 5,35: 1
Potenza max 72 tiny HP to 4000 turns/
Lubrificazione forzata, with pump to gears and self-cleaning filter to lamelle (the leaking elements cleans up automatically to every putting in motion); goblet of the oil in aluminum; ability to the circuit (motor goblet) liters 6,50
Raffreddamento ad water, to circulation forced with pump: regolatrice Persian of the temperature commant from termostato; ability circuit (radiating and motor) liters 21,00; the cooling of the motor is assured also from an auxiliary fan, commant from strap
Accensione a spinterogeno Bosch (advance payment 15°, advance payment automatic rifle 25°); ignition order: 1-8-3-6-7-2-5-4; candles Bosch type W 145/33
Alimentazione con pump electrical worker “Autopulse” (pump “to lung”); Zenith carburetor 30 DVT invert, doppiocorpo, with pompetta of acceleration
Impianto elettrico a 12 Volt, battery from 50 Ah, dynamo Bosch
Trasmissione trazione on the posterior wheels; drive shaft in two parts, with support centers them (the three joints is cardanic, to seams); the posterior extremity of the drive shaft is flowing in the pinion of the conical group of differentiates them.
Frizione monodisco to dry
Cambio cambio in block with the motor, to 4 relationships + retromarcia (III and always IV in taken, and) relationships “silent”: I=3,485: 1; II=2,185: 1; III=1,422: 1; IV=1: 1; RM=4,870: 1; commando lever change centers them.
Rapporto to the ponte rapporto final of reduction, with ipoide brace: 11/50 (4,545: 1)
Scocca chassis with structure of base in two box-shielded vertical sections, I reinforce to “X”, and leggermente convergent spars front: two longitudinal round tubes, than dipartono from a crosspiece of I reinforce myself, are integrated then with the extremities of the spars
Sospensioni ant. to independent wheels of the type to telescope (arranges Nozzle) with telescopic hydraulic shocks-absorber
Sospensioni post. ad rigid axle, with longitudinal crossbows and mechanical shocks-absorber to clutch (Siata)
Impianto frenante mechanical acting pedal brake on the 4 wheels, with ganasce to expansion (run of the adjustable pedal rather easily); brake by hand agent on the tamburi of the posterior wheels
Sterzo a screw without aim and helicoidal wheel; guide to right
Ruote to beams Rudge Whitwort 14x45
Pneumatici misure 15x45; pressures inflation Kg/cm2 2,50 front and 2,75 posteriorly
Passo cm 317,7
Altezza from terra cm 20,0
Carreggiate anter-poster cm 137,4 - cm 139,6
Lunghezza x larghezza chassis: cm 451,7 x cm 164,2
Carrozzeria beyond to the chassis, available (two versions of sedan are supplied directly from the house), the “4 lights” (with two lateral windows) to 4-5 places and the “6 lights” (with three lateral windows, of which two normal schools and one more small) to 6-7 places
Peso to vuoto chassis Kg 960; car (carrozzata sedan 4 lights) Kg 1.250
Serbatoio carburante posterior; ability liters 60
125 Speeds massima Kmh; the maximum speeds (Kmh) in the several ones marce: : I=36, II=57, III=88
Pendenza superabile in first march, between 28% and 29%
Consumo medio, comprised between 15 and 16 100 liters every Km
Tassa of fiscal circolazione potenza in Italy CV 30; I brand of circulation (in 1936) annual Liras 1,200
Prezzo in Italia in 1932: chassis Liras 38.000; sedan 4 lights (4-5 places) Liras 45.000; sedan 6 lights (6-7 places) Liras 47.000

Second series

    • Period of production : from the summer of 1932 to the autumn of the 1933
    • Models :
      • type 230, autotelaio
      • type 230, car berlina
    • Motor : type 85
    • Progressive Numeration : from 501 to 1.250
    • Numeration of the chassis : from 30-1501 to 30-2250
    • Produced Units : 750
    • Identity and evolution of the series

The second series of the Astura begins from the summer of 1932, after that they have been constructed nearly 500 exemplary of the first series Little the variations that contraddistinguono this series and that they regard details of the chassis (between which the application of silentbloc to the crossbows) and the brakes; they come also modified the attacks of the auto body to the telaio.
This second Astura series, comes constructed in 750 exemplary and comes replaced in the second half of the' 33 from one new series, third, characterized from differences much more important.


Characteristic techniques Lancia second Astura series
Motor anteriore, longitudinal, monoblock; head in two pieces, with an inferior part (in cast iron) containing the valves and a advanced part (in aluminum) with the bilanceri and the relative starter shaft (the camshaft, centers them, wheel between the two heads); crankshaft on 5 supports; connecting rods in special steel (printed publication) with directly strained antifriction bearing in the big end of connecting rod; pistons in aluminum alloy; block cylinders in cast iron.
Numero and position cilindri 8 to V (19°)
Rolled cmc 2605,75 (bore milimeter 69,85 - run milimeter 85,00)
Distribuzione valvole in head, vertical commant from bilanceri to ice-skate; camshaft in head, centers them, commant from “a silent” chain to seams, to double bending (an external pinion, to oscillating hinge, renders it always stiff)
Rapporto of compressione 5,35: 1
Potenza max 72 tiny HP to 4000 turns/
Lubrificazione forzata, with pump to gears and self-cleaning filter to lamelle (the leaking elements cleans up automatically to every putting in motion); goblet of the oil in aluminum; ability to the circuit (motor goblet) liters 6,50
Raffreddamento ad water, to circulation forced with pump: regolatrice Persian of the temperature commant from termostato; ability circuit (radiating and motor) liters 21,00; the cooling of the motor is assured also from an auxiliary fan, commant from strap
Accensione a spinterogeno Bosch (advance payment 15°, advance payment automatic rifle 25°); ignition order: 1-8-3-6-7-2-5-4; candles Bosch type W 145/33
Alimentazione con pump electrical worker “Autopulse” (pump “to lung”); Zenith carburetor 30 DVT invert, doppiocorpo, with pompetta of acceleration
Impianto elettrico a 12 Volt, battery from 50 Ah, dynamo Bosch
Trasmissione trazione on the posterior wheels; drive shaft in two parts, with support centers them (the three joints is cardanic, to seams); the posterior extremity of the drive shaft is flowing in the pinion of the conical group of differentiates them.
Frizione monodisco to dry
Cambio cambio in block with the motor, to 4 relationships + retromarcia (III and always IV in taken, and) relationships “silent”: I=3,485: 1; II=2,185: 1; III=1,422: 1; IV=1: 1; RM=4,870: 1; commando lever change centers them.
Rapporto to the ponte rapporto final of reduction, with ipoide brace: 11/50 (4,545: 1)
Scocca chassis with structure of base in two box-shielded vertical sections, I reinforce to “X”, and leggermente convergent spars front: two longitudinal round tubes, than dipartono from a crosspiece of I reinforce myself, are integrated then with the extremities of the spars
Sospensioni ant. to independent wheels of the type to telescope (arranges Nozzle) with telescopic hydraulic shocks-absorber
Sospensioni post. ad rigid axle, with longitudinal crossbows (attacks mounts to you on silentbloc) and mechanical shocks-absorber to clutch (Siata)
Impianto frenante mechanical acting pedal brake on the 4 wheels, with ganasce to expansion (run of the adjustable pedal rather easily); brake by hand agent on the tamburi of the posterior wheels
Sterzo a screw without aim and helicoidal wheel; guide to right
Ruote to beams Rudge Whitwort 14x45
Pneumatici misure 15x45; pressures inflation Kg/cm2 2,50 front and 2,75 posteriorly
Passo cm 317,7
Altezza from terra cm 20,0
Carreggiate anter-poster cm 137,4 - cm 139,6
Lunghezza x larghezza chassis: cm 451,7 x cm 164,2
Carrozzeria beyond to the chassis, available (two versions of sedan are supplied directly from the house), the “4 lights” (with two lateral windows) to 4-5 places and the “6 lights” (with three lateral windows, of which two normal schools and one more small) to 6-7 places
Peso to vuoto chassis Kg 960; car (carrozzata sedan 4 lights) Kg 1.250
Serbatoio carburante posterior; ability liters 60
[125 Speeds]] massima Kmh; the maximum speeds (Kmh) in the several ones marce: : I=36, II=57, III=88
Pendenza superabile in first march, between 28% and 29%
Consumo medio, comprised between 15 and 16 100 liters every Km
Tassa of fiscal circolazione potenza in Italy CV 30; I brand of circulation (in 1936) annual Liras 1,200
Prezzo in Italia in 1933: chassis Liras 38.000; sedan 4 lights (4-5 places) Liras 45.000; sedan 6 lights (6-7 places) Liras 47.000

Third series

    • Period of production : from the autumn of 1933 to January of the 1937
    • Models :
      • type 233 L, chassis and sedan, step lungo
      • type 233 C, chassis and sedan step corto
    • Motor : type 91
    • Progressive Numerations : for 233 L from 1251 to 1550 and 1851 to 2458; for the 233 C from 1551 to 1850 and 2501 to 2528 (or more probably to 2535)
    • Numerations of chassis : for 233 L, from 33-2501 to 33-3408, for the 233 C, from 33-5001 to 33-5327 (or more probably 33-5335)
    • Produced Units : total 1.243, of which 908 of the type 233 L and 335 of 233 type C
    • Identity and evolution of the series

In the autumn of 1933, the third Astura series is born. Several the “innovationes”: to part the chassis, that hour offered in two versions comes, step long (type 233 L) and short (233 C), also the motor (whose angle of opening of the “V” passes from 19° 17°30') endures variations of piston displacement (from 2606 to 2973 cmc) and power (from 72 to 82 HP). Others important modifications regard the refraining system, that it comes fortified of servofreno Dewandre, the increase of 30% of the ability to the tank fuel (from 60 to 78 liters). From the aesthetic point of view we find a new screen of the radiator, tilted, leggermente to tip and with the tapered inferior part. New also the front mudguards. Characteristic new portaruota the posterior piece of furniture that concurs to accommodate - between the posterior extremity of the auto body and the spare wheel - a trunk: in absence of the trunk, the spare wheel assumes a tilted position, while in presence of the trunk the wheel becomes verticale.
This third series (1,243 “pieces”) finishes in the first days of 1937, replaced from the series successive, the quarter (and last).


Characteristic techniques Lancia Astura third series
Motor anteriore, longitudinal, monoblock; head in two pieces, with an inferior part (in cast iron) containing the valves and a advanced part (in aluminum) with the bilanceri and the relative starter shaft (the camshaft, centers them, wheel between the two heads); crankshaft on 5 supports; connecting rods in special steel (printed publication) with directly strained antifriction bearing in the big end of connecting rod; pistons in aluminum alloy; block cylinders in cast iron.
Numero and position cilindri 8 to V (17° 30')
Rolled cmc 2972,99 (bore milimeter 74.61 - run milimeter 85,00)
Distribuzione valvole in head, vertical commant from bilanceri to ice-skate; camshaft in head, centers them, commant from “a silent” chain to seams, to double bending (an external pinion, to oscillating hinge, renders it always stiff)
Rapporto of compressione 5,75: 1
Potenza]] max 82 tiny HP to 4000 turns/
Lubrificazione forzata, with pump to gears and self-cleaning filter to lamelle (the leaking elements cleans up automatically to every putting in motion); goblet of the oil in aluminum; ability to the circuit (motor goblet) liters 5,50
Raffreddamento ad water, to circulation forced with pump: regolatrice Persian of the temperature commant from termostato; ability circuit (radiating and motor) liters 16,50; the cooling of the motor is assured also from an auxiliary fan, commant from strap
Accensione a spinterogeno Bosch (advance payment 15°, advance payment automatic rifle 25°); ignition order: 1-8-3-6-7-2-5-4; candles Bosch type W 185/33
Alimentazione con pump electrical worker “Autopulse” (pump “to lung”); Zenith carburetor 30 DVI invert, doppiocorpo, with pompetta of acceleration
Impianto elettrico a 12 Volt, battery from 50 Ah, dynamo Bosch
Trasmissione trazione on the posterior wheels; drive shaft in two parts, with support centers them (the three joints is cardanic, to rullini); the posterior extremity of the drive shaft is flowing in the pinion of the conical group of differentiates them.
Frizione monodisco to dry
Cambio cambio in block with the motor, to 4 relationships + retromarcia (III and always IV in taken, and) relationships “silent”: I=3,485: 1; II=2,185: 1; III=1,422: 1; IV=1: 1; RM=4,870: 1; commando lever change centers them.
Rapporto to the ponte rapporto final of reduction, with ipoide brace (Gleason-Hypoid): 11/47 (4,273: 1)
Scocca chassis with structure of base in two box-shielded vertical sections, I reinforce to “X”, and leggermente convergent spars front: two longitudinal round tubes, than dipartono from a crosspiece of I reinforce myself, are integrated then with the extremities of the spars
Sospensioni ant. to independent wheels of the type to telescope (arranges Nozzle) with telescopic hydraulic shocks-absorber
Sospensioni post. ad rigid axle, with longitudinal crossbows (attacks mounts to you on silentbloc) and mechanical shocks-absorber to clutch (Siata)
Impianto frenante mechanical acting pedal brake on the 4 wheels, with ganasce to expansion (run of the adjustable pedal rather easily); servofreno Dewandre; brake by hand agent on the tamburi of the posterior wheels
Sterzo a field and helicoidal wheel; guide to right
Ruote to beams Rudge Whitwort 14x45
Pneumatici misure 15x45; pressures inflation Kg/cm2 2,50 front and 2,75 posteriorly
Passo cm 333,2 (mod. 233 L) and cm 310,0 (mod 233 C)
Altezza from terra cm 18,5
Carreggiate anter-poster cm 137,4 - cm 140,0
Lunghezza x larghezza chassis: cm 475,0 x cm 164,2 (mod 233 L) cm 452,0 x cm 164,2 (mod 233 C)
Peso to vuoto Kg chassis 1000 (mod 233 L) and Kg 960 (mod 233 C)
Serbatoio carburante posterior; ability liters 78
130 Speeds massima Kmh; the maximum speeds (Kmh) in the several ones marce: : I=37, II=60, III=91
Pendenza superabile in first march, between 29% and 30%
Consumo medio, comprised between 15 and 16 100 liters every Km
Tassa of fiscal circolazione potenza in Italy CV 33; The brand of circulation (in 1936) annual Liras 1,200
Prezzo in Italia

in 1936: </br> chassis, is “along” (mod. 233L) that “short” (mod. 233C) Liras 38,150 (optional: poprtaruote arranged with portabagaglio ribaltabile Liras 300) </br> sedan 6 lights, on chassis 233L, Liras 49,350 (optionals: to) tapestry in Liras skin 1,800 (Liras 900 if limited to single front places) - b) dividing wall interns nside Liras 1,200 - c) trunk and relative suitcases Liras 750)

1938 Lancia Astura Mille Miglia

Fourth series

    • Period of production : from January of 1937 to the end of the 1939
    • Models :
      • type 241, chassis and berlina
    • Motor : type 91
    • Progressive Numeration : from 4 to 426
    • Numeration of the chassis : from 41-2905 to 41-3326, more 2 exemplary constructed probably in 1942
    • Produced Units : 423
    • Identity and evolution of the series

In the' 37, with the advent of the quarter series, the availability of Astura chassises to short step stops. This last series, is proposed in fact with an only measure of step, ulteriorly lengthened until bordering on the three meters and means (cm 347,5 for the exactitude). Of fact, this last Astura takes the place of the Dilambda (by now disappeared from the lists) and its chassis often comes used in order to accommodate auto bodies of Ministerial type (Boneschi and Pininfarina the authors of great part of these auto bodies, sometimes monumental). But we see in synthesis the characteristic new of this quarter series: the greater innovation resides in the chassis, than hour it is of the type to lowered pianale, even if variations of a sure relief are had also to the system refraining (than finally é of the type to hydraulic commando rather than mechanic), to the suspensions (with motivatings force of greater diameter front and crossbows of greater length posteriorly). They change the wheels, than hour they are in steel to razze of the type “Fergat” and that they can have the measure of 15x45 or 16x45, while increasing the ability to the cooling circuit (hours of 19 liters comes). The weight of the chassis increases of Kg. 50 regarding the previous version to long step and hour is of Kg. 1.050. The declared maximum speed from the House comes down nearly imperceptibly (from 130 Kmh to 128 Kmh) and also the ability to exceed strong slopes reduces (possible the maximum value considerably, in first march, comes down and it is attested around the 25°) The quarter Astura series will come produced in little more than 400 exemplary, until the explosion of according to world-wide conflict.


Characteristic techniques Lancia Astura quarter series
Motor anteriore, longitudinal, monoblock; head in two pieces, with an inferior part (in cast iron) containing the valves and a advanced part (in aluminum) with the bilanceri and the relative starter shaft (the camshaft, centers them, wheel between the two heads); crankshaft on 5 supports; connecting rods in special steel (printed publication) with directly strained antifriction bearing in the big end of connecting rod; pistons in aluminum alloy; block cylinders in cast iron.
Numero and position cilindri 8 to V (17° 30')
Rolled cmc 2972,99 (bore milimeter 74.61 - run milimeter 85,00)
Distribuzione valvole in head, vertical commant from bilanceri to ice-skate; camshaft in head, centers them, commant from “a silent” chain to seams, to double bending (an external pinion, to oscillating hinge, renders it always stiff)
Rapporto of compressione 5,75: 1
Potenza max 82 tiny HP to 4000 turns/
Lubrificazione forzata, with pump to gears and self-cleaning filter to lamelle (the leaking elements cleans up automatically to every putting in motion); goblet of the oil in aluminum; ability to the circuit (motor goblet) liters 6,50
Raffreddamento ad water, to circulation forced with pump: regolatrice Persian of the temperature commant from termostato; ability circuit (radiating and motor) liters 19,00; the cooling of the motor is assured also from an auxiliary fan, commant from strap
Accensione a spinterogeno Bosch (advance payment 15°, advance payment automatic rifle 25°); ignition order: 1-8-3-6-7-2-5-4; candles Bosch type W 185/33
Alimentazione con pump electrical worker “Autopulse” (pump “to lung”); Zenith carburetor 30 DVI invert, doppiocorpo, with pompetta of acceleration
Impianto elettrico a 12 Volt, battery from 50 Ah, dynamo Bosch
Trasmissione trazione on the posterior wheels; drive shaft in two parts, with support centers them (the three joints is cardanic, to rullini); the posterior extremity of the drive shaft is flowing in the pinion of the conical group of differentiates them.
Frizione monodisco to dry
Cambio cambio in block with the motor, to 4 relationships + retromarcia (III and always IV in taken, and) relationships “silent”: I=3,485: 1; II=2,185: 1; III=1,422: 1; IV=1: 1; RM=4,870: 1; commando lever change centers them.
Rapporto to the ponte rapporto final of reduction, with ipoide brace (Gleason-Hypoid): 11/47 (4,273: 1)
Scocca chassis/platform in steel
Sospensioni ant. to independent wheels of the type to telescope (arranges Nozzle) with telescopic hydraulic shocks-absorber
Sospensioni post. ad rigid axle, with longitudinal crossbows (attacks mounts to you on silentbloc) and mechanical shocks-absorber to clutch (Siata)
Impianto frenante hydraulic acting pedal brake on the 4 wheels, with ganasce to expansion (run of the adjustable pedal rather easily); servofreno Dewandre; brake by hand agent on the tamburi of the posterior wheels
Sterzo a field and helicoidal wheel; guide to right
Ruote to razze Fergat type, 15x45 (at call 16x45)
Pneumatici misure 15x45; pressures inflation Kg/cm2 2,50 front and 2,75 posteriorly
Passo cm 347,5
Altezza from terra cm 18,5
Carreggiate anter-poster cm 140,0 - cm 140,0
Lunghezza x larghezza chassis: cm 484,0 x cm 162,0
Peso to vuoto chassis Kg 1050
Serbatoio carburante posterior; ability liters 78
128 Speeds massima Kmh; the maximum speeds (Kmh) in the several ones marce: : I=37, II=59, III=90
Pendenza superabile in first march, around 25%
Consumo medio, comprised between 15 and 16 100 liters every Km
Tassa of fiscal circolazione potenza in Italy CV 33; I brand of circulation (in 1936) annual Liras 1,200

Production

Year Produced
1931 2
1932 798
1933 600
1934 439
1935 438
1936 209
1937 25
1938 284
1939 117
Total 2,912


Model Produced
230, first series (1931/32) 496
230, second series (1932/33) 750
233L, third series (1933/36) 908
233C, third series (1933/36) 335
241, quarter series (1937/39) 423
Total 2,912


LANCIA

1907-1918: Alfa-12HP · Alfa-24HP · Dialfa-18HP · Beta-15/20HP · Delta-20/30HP · Epsilon · Eta-30/50HP · Gamma-20HP · Theta-35HP · Zeta-12/15HP
1918-1945: Aprilia · Ardea · Ardennes · Artena · Astura · Augusta · Belna · Dilambda · Kappa · Lambda · Trikappa
1945-1980: Appia · Aurelia · Beta · D20 · D23 · D24 · D25 · D50 · Flaminia · Flavia · Fulvia · Gamma · Montecarlo · Stratos HF
1980-2000: Dedra · Delta · Delta S4 · Kappa · LC1 · LC2 · Lybra · Prisma · Thema · Trevi · Y10 · Ypsilon · Zeta · 037 (Group B)
Current models: Musa · Phedra · Thesis · Ypsilon
Concept models: Marcia · Medusa · Megagamma · Orca · Sibilo


Vincenzo Lancia · Corporate website · A brand of the Fiat group
1900–1940 Lancia Pre War Timeline
Lancia Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of the Fiat S.p.A. since 1969, car timeline, 1900s–1940s -- Lancia Pre War Timeline Next »
Type 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
V4 Lambda Artena Aprilia
Augusta
Straight-4 Alfa-12HP Beta-15/20HP Epsilon Theta-35HP Dikappa
Alfa-24HP Gamma-20HP Eta-30/50HP Kappa
Delta-20/30HP Zeta-12/15HP
Straight-6 Dialfa-18HP
V8 Astura
Trikappa Dilambda
V12 12 cil V